Board of directors

Center for Interfaith Relations Board of Directors meeting

A board of directors (commonly referred simply as the board) is an executive committee that supervises the activities of a business, a nonprofit organization, or a government agency.

The powers, duties, and responsibilities of a board of directors are determined by government regulations (including the jurisdiction's corporate law) and the organization's own constitution and by-laws. These authorities may specify the number of members of the board, how they are to be chosen, and how often they are to meet.

In an organization with voting members, the board is accountable to, and may be subordinate to, the organization's full membership, which usually elect the members of the board. In a stock corporation, non-executive directors are elected by the shareholders, and the board has ultimate responsibility for the management of the corporation. In nations with codetermination (such as Germany and Sweden), the workers of a corporation elect a set fraction of the board's members.

The board of directors appoints the chief executive officer of the corporation and sets out the overall strategic direction. In corporations with dispersed ownership, the identification and nomination of directors (that shareholders vote for or against) are often done by the board itself, leading to a high degree of self-perpetuation. In a non-stock corporation with no general voting membership, the board is the supreme governing body of the institution, and its members are sometimes chosen by the board itself.[1][2][3]

  1. ^ Robert 2011, p. 9.
  2. ^ "How are the directors selected?". Commonwealth of Virginia, State Corporation Commission, Business FAQs. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
  3. ^ "Chapter 181, Nonstock Corporations (Sect. 181.0804)" (PDF). Wisconsin Statutes Database. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2022. Retrieved 8 April 2011.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia · View on Wikipedia

Developed by Nelliwinne