Brazilian Constituent Assembly (1988)

National Constitutional Assembly

Assembleia Nacional Constituinte
Type
Type
History
FoundedFebruary 1, 1987 (1987-02-01)
DisbandedJuly 22, 1988 (1988-07-22)
Leadership
President
1st Vice President
Mauro Benevides, PMDB
2nd Vice President
Jorge Arbage, PDS
Structure
Seats559 constituents
Composição da Assembléia Constituinte Brasileira de 1987.svg
Political groups
  •   PMDB (303)
  •   PFL (135)
  •   PDS (38)
  •   PDT (26)
  •   PTB (18)
  •   PT (16)
  •   PL (7)
  •   PPR (6)
  •   PCdoB (3)
  •   PCB (3)
  •   PSB (2)
  •   PSC (1)
  •   PMB (1)
AuthorityConstitutional Amendment no. 26 of November 27, 1985
Elections
Last election
November 15, 1986
Meeting place
Congresso do Brasil.jpg
The final working session of the 1988 Constituent Assembly, in which Constituent Deputies approved the final text of country's new Constitution, that days later was promulgated in solemn session.

The 1988 Constituent Assembly (Portuguese: Assembléia Constituinte de 1988), also known as the National Constituent Assembly (Portuguese: Assembléia Nacional Constituinte) was a constituent assembly held in Brasília to establish Brazil's new democratic Constitution after 21 years under military rule. In November 1986, general elections were held to elect the members of the Constituent Assembly, which took office on February 1, 1987. Ulysses Guimarães, from the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro - PMDB) of São Paulo, served as president of the Assembly.

The majority in the Constituent Assembly was formed by the Democratic Centre (PMDB, PFL, PTB, PDS, and smaller parties), also known as "Big Centre" (Centrão). They were supported by the executive branch and represented conservative factions of the society, and had a decisive influence in the work of the Constituent and the outcome of important decisions, such as the duration of then President Sarney's term, the maintenance of the agrarian policy and the role of the Armed Forces.


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