Cambridge, Massachusetts

Cambridge, Massachusetts
City
Flag of Cambridge, Massachusetts
Official seal of Cambridge, Massachusetts
Motto(s): 
Literis Antiquis Novis Institutis Decora (Latin)
"Distinguished for Classical Learning and New Institutions"
"[1]
Location in Middlesex County, Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County, Massachusetts
Cambridge is located in Massachusetts
Cambridge
Cambridge
Location in the United States
Cambridge is located in the United States
Cambridge
Cambridge
Cambridge (the United States)
Coordinates: 42°22′25″N 71°06′38″W / 42.37361°N 71.11056°W / 42.37361; -71.11056Coordinates: 42°22′25″N 71°06′38″W / 42.37361°N 71.11056°W / 42.37361; -71.11056
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyMiddlesex
RegionNew England
Settled1630
Incorporated1636
City1846
Named forUniversity of Cambridge
Government
 • TypeCouncil-City Manager
 • MayorSumbul Siddiqui[2]
 • Vice MayorAlanna Mallon
 • City ManagerYi-An Huang
Area
 • Total7.10 sq mi (18.40 km2)
 • Land6.40 sq mi (16.57 km2)
 • Water0.71 sq mi (1.83 km2)
Elevation
40 ft (12 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total118,403
 • Density18,512.04/sq mi (7,147.01/km2)
 • Demonym
Cantabrigian
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
02138-02142
Area code617 / 857
FIPS code25-11000
GNIS feature ID0617365
Websitecambridgema.gov

Cambridge (/ˈkmbrɪ/[4] KAYM-brij) is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area as a major suburb of Boston. At the 2020 U.S. Census, the city's population was 118,403, making it the fourth most populous city in the state, behind Boston, Worcester, and Springfield.[5] It is one of two de jure county seats of Middlesex County, although the county's government was abolished in 1997. Situated directly north of Boston, across the Charles River, it was named in honor of the University of Cambridge in England, once also an important center of the Puritan theology embraced by the town's founders.[6]: 18 

Harvard University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Lesley University, and Hult International Business School are in Cambridge,[7] as was Radcliffe College before it merged with Harvard. Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet" owing to the high concentration of successful startups that have emerged in the vicinity of the square since 2010.[8][9]

  1. ^ Cambridge Historical Commission. "Frequently Asked Questions". City of Cambridge. Retrieved September 11, 2016.
  2. ^ "Mayor Siddiqui". Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  3. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  4. ^ "Cambridge". CollinsDictionary.com. HarperCollins. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
  5. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: United States". USDOC. Population, 2020. Retrieved September 16, 2021.
  6. ^ Degler, Carl Neumann (1984). Out of Our Pasts: The Forces That Shaped Modern America. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-131985-3. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
  7. ^ "World Reputation Rankings". www.timeshighereducation.com. April 21, 2016. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
  8. ^ "Kendall Square Initiative". MIT. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  9. ^ Lelund Cheung. "When a neighborhood is crowned the most innovative square mile in the world, how do you keep it that way?". Boston Globe Media Partners, LLC. Retrieved January 13, 2020.

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