Caribbean Sea

Caribbean Sea
Satellite image of the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea is located in Caribbean
Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
Map of the Caribbean Sea
LocationAmerican Mediterranean Sea
Coordinates15°N 75°W / 15°N 75°W / 15; -75
Part ofAtlantic Ocean
River sources
Basin countries
Surface area2,754,000 km2 (1,063,000 sq mi)
Max. depth7,686 m (25,217 ft)
IslandsWest Indies (Greater Antilles and Lesser Antilles)
TrenchesCayman Trench and Puerto Rico Trench

The Caribbean Sea[1] is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere. It is bounded by Mexico and Central America to the west and southwest, to the north by the Greater Antilles starting with Cuba, to the east by the Lesser Antilles, and to the south by the northern coast of South America. The Gulf of Mexico lies to the northwest. The entire Caribbean Sea area, the numerous islands of the West Indies, and adjacent mainland coastal regions are collectively known as the Caribbean.

The Caribbean Sea is one of the largest seas on Earth and has an area of about 2,754,000 km2 (1,063,000 sq mi).[2][3] The sea's deepest point is the Cayman Trough, between the Cayman Islands and Jamaica, at 7,686 m (25,217 ft) below sea level. The Caribbean coastline has many gulfs and bays: the Gulf of Gonâve, the Gulf of Venezuela, the Gulf of Darién, Golfo de los Mosquitos, the Gulf of Paria and the Gulf of Honduras.

Coral reef near Soufrière Quarter, Saint Lucia

The Caribbean Sea has the world's second-largest barrier reef, the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef. It runs 1,000 km (620 mi) along the Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras[4] coasts.

  1. ^ (Spanish: Mar Caribe; French: Mer des Caraïbes; Haitian Creole: Lanmè Karayib; Jamaican Patois: Kiaribiyan Sii; Dutch: Caraïbische Zee; Papiamento: Laman Karibe)
  2. ^ The Caribbean Sea Archived 2018-01-04 at the Wayback Machine All The Sea. URL last accessed May 7, 2006
  3. ^ "The Caribbean Sea". Archived from the original on 2018-04-21. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
  4. ^ "Mesoamerican Reef | Places | WWF". World Wildlife Fund. Archived from the original on 2020-11-13. Retrieved 2016-10-21.

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