Censorship

The plaster cast of David at the Victoria and Albert Museum has a detachable plaster fig leaf which is displayed nearby. Legend claims that the fig leaf was created in response to Queen Victoria's shock upon first viewing the statue's nudity and was hung on the figure prior to royal visits, using two strategically placed hooks.[1]

Censorship is the suppression of speech, public communication, or other information. This may be done on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or "inconvenient".[2][3][4] Censorship can be conducted by governments,[5] private institutions and other controlling bodies.

Governments[5] and private organizations may engage in censorship. Other groups or institutions may propose and petition for censorship.[6] When an individual such as an author or other creator engages in censorship of his or her own works or speech, it is referred to as self-censorship. General censorship occurs in a variety of different media, including speech, books, music, films, and other arts, the press, radio, television, and the Internet for a variety of claimed reasons including national security, to control obscenity, pornography, and hate speech, to protect children or other vulnerable groups, to promote or restrict political or religious views, and to prevent slander and libel.

Direct censorship may or may not be legal, depending on the type, location, and content. Many countries provide strong protections against censorship by law, but none of these protections are absolute and frequently a claim of necessity to balance conflicting rights is made, in order to determine what could and could not be censored. There are no laws against self-censorship.

  1. ^ "David's Fig Leaf". Victoria and Albert Museum. Archived from the original on 3 June 2007. Retrieved 29 May 2007.
  2. ^ "censorship noun". merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  3. ^ "cen·sor·ship". ahdictionary.com. The American Heritage Dictionary. Archived from the original on 31 January 2019. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Definition of censorship in English". oxforddictionaries.com. Oxford Living Dictionaries. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  5. ^ a b "censorship, n.", OED Online, Oxford University Press, June 2018, retrieved 8 August 2018
  6. ^ https://www.aclu.org/other/what-censorship "What Is Censorship", ACLU

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