Chinese Singaporeans

Chinese Singaporeans
新加坡华人/新加坡華人
华裔新加坡人/華裔新加坡人
Chess at Chinatown, Singapore.jpg
Chinese Singaporeans playing Chinese chess (Xiangqi) in Chinatown, Singapore.
Total population
2,675,521
75.9% of the Singaporean citizen population (2020)[1]
Languages
Religion
Related ethnic groups
foreign Peranakans, Overseas Chinese, Eurasian Singaporeans

Chinese Singaporeans (simplified Chinese: 新加坡华人/华裔新加坡人; traditional Chinese: 新加坡華人/華裔新加坡人; pinyin: Xīnjiāpō Huárén / Huáyì Xīnjiāpōrén) are Singaporeans of Chinese descent. Chinese Singaporeans constitute 75.9% of the Singaporean citizen population according to the official census,[2] making them the largest ethnic group among them.[3]

As early as the 10th century, there was evidence of Chinese people trading and settling in Singapore[4][5] and there were also various Chinese records documenting trading activities and Chinese residents on the island from the 10th to the 14th century.[6] Prior to the establishment of Singapore as a British trading port, there was a small population of 120 Malays who were the followers of Temenggong Abdul Rahman, and about 20–30 Chinese living on the island.[7] After Singapore became a British colony, there was an influx of Chinese migrant workers, but these early Chinese migrants to Singapore were predominantly males, as they would usually return to their families in China after they have earned enough. There was only a significant number of Chinese residents permanently settling in Singapore during the early to mid twentieth century, forming the bulk of the Chinese Singaporean population today.[8]

Many Chinese Singaporeans can trace their ancestry to the southeastern China such as the speakers of Hokkien, Teochews and Cantonese are the 3 largest dialect groups that Chinese Singaporeans are classified under.

  1. ^ "Census 2020" (PDF). Singapore Department of Statistics. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Population in Brief 2015" (PDF). Singapore Government. September 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  3. ^ "Population Trends 2011" (PDF). Singapore Department of Statistics, Social Statistics Section. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
  4. ^ Cite error: The named reference SingaporeSongDynasty was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference earlyChineseSingaporeans was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference wangDayuanSG was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference popofSG3rd was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference warren was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

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