Colony of Singapore

Colony of Singapore
(1946–1959)
State of Singapore
(1959–1963)
1946–1963
Motto: Dieu et mon droit  (French)
(1946–1959)
(English: "God and my right")
Majulah Singapura  (Malay)
(1959–1963)
(English: "Onward Singapore")
Anthem: "God Save the King" (1946–1952)
"God Save the Queen" (1952–1959)[note 1]

"Majulah Singapura" (1959–1963)
(English: "Onward Singapore")
Singapore on the globe (Southeast Asia centered, early 1970s).svg
StatusCrown colony
Official language
and national language
English
Common languages
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Monarch 
• 1946–1952
George VI
• 1952–1963
Elizabeth II
Governor 
• 1946–1952
Franklin Gimson
• 1952–1955
John Fearns Nicoll
• 1955–1957
Robert Black
• 1957–1959
William Goode
Chief Minister 
• 1955–1956
David Marshall
• 1956–1959
Lim Yew Hock
Historical eraBritish Empire
• Dissolution of the Straits Settlements
1 April 1946
• Labuan transferred to North Borneo
15 July 1946
• Cocos (Keeling) Islands transferred to Australia
23 November 1955
• Christmas Island transferred to Australia
1 October 1958
• Autonomy within the British Empire
1959
• Merger with the Federation of Malaysia
16 September 1963
Currency
Time zoneUTC+07:30
Driving sideleft
ISO 3166 codeSG
Preceded by
Succeeded by
British Military Administration (Malaya)
Straits Settlements
Syonan
State of Singapore (Malaysia)
Crown Colony of North Borneo
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Christmas Island
Today part ofSingapore
Australia
Malaysia

Singapore was a British colony for 144 years, apart from a period of occupation under the Japanese Empire from 1942 to 1945 during the Pacific War.

When the Empire of Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, at the end of World War II, Singapore was returned to British rule. The Straits Settlements were subsequently dissolved in 1946, and together with Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island, Singapore became a separate Crown colony.[2]

The Crown colony was governed by the United Kingdom until it gained partial internal self-governance in 1955.[3] Singapore subsequently gained full internal self-governance on 3 June 1959, at which point it became known as the State of Singapore.

Singapore went on to merge with Malaya, Sarawak and North Borneo to form Malaysia on 16 September 1963, thereby ending 144 years of British rule on the island. On 9 August 1965, Singapore was separated from Malaysia to become an independent sovereign country, due to political, economic and racial differences.

  1. ^ "National Anthem". Official web site of the British Royal Family. 15 January 2016. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  2. ^ Colony of Singapore. Government Gazette. (1946, April 1). The Singapore Colony Order in Council, 1946 (G.N. 2, pp. 2–3). Singapore: [s.n.]. Call no.: RCLOS 959.57 SGG; White paper on Malaya (1946, January 26). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Tan, K. Y. L. (Ed.). (1999). The Singapore legal system (pp. 232–233). Singapore: Singapore University Press. Call no.: RSING 349.5957 SIN.
  3. ^ "Singapore : History | The Commonwealth". thecommonwealth.org. Archived from the original on 9 September 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.


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