Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa (Portuguese)
Community of Portuguese Language Countries
|Zacarias da Costa|
|Armindo Brito Fernandes|
• President of the Parliamentary Assembly
|Establishment||July 17, 1996|
|10,743,526 km2 (4,148,099 sq mi)|
|287 million (2021)|
The Community of Portuguese Language Countries (Portuguese: Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa; abbr.: CPLP), also known as the Lusophone Commonwealth (Portuguese: Comunidade Lusófona), is an international organization and political association of Lusophone nations across four continents, where Portuguese is an official language. The CPLP operates as a privileged, multilateral forum for the mutual cooperation of the governments, economies, non-governmental organizations, and peoples of the Lusofonia. The CPLP consists of 9 member states and 32 associate observers, located in Europe, South America, Asia, Africa and Oceania, totaling 37 countries and 4 organizations.
The history of the CPLP began when it was founded in 1996, in Lisbon, by Angola, Brazil, Cabo Verde, Guinea Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, and São Tomé and Príncipe, nearly two decades after the beginning of the decolonization of the Portuguese Empire. Following the independence of Timor-Leste in 2002 and the application by Equatorial Guinea in 2014, both of those countries became members of the CPLP. Macau (a Special Administrative Region of China), Galicia (an Autonomous Community of Spain), and Uruguay are formally interested in full membership and another 17 countries across the world are formally interested in associate observer status.