County of Portugal

County of Portugal
Comtato Portugallense
Comtato de Portugalle (Old Galician)
Comitatus Portugalliæ (Latin)
868–1071
1096–1139
Second County of Portugal
Second County of Portugal
StatusCounty within the Kingdoms of Asturias, Galicia, and León
CapitalGuimarães (868-1131)
Coimbra (1131-1139)
Common languagesOld Portuguese
Mozarabic
Andalusian Arabic
Religion
Roman Catholicism
Islam
Judaism
Demonym(s)Portuguese
GovernmentFeudal monarchy
Count of Portucale 
• 868–873
Vímara Peres (first of the first county, from the House of Vímara)
• 1050–1071
Nuno II Mendes (last of the first county, from the House of Vímara; Annexation to the Kingdom of Galicia
• 1096–1112
Henry (first of second county, from the house of Burgundy)
• 1112–1139
Afonso Henriques (last of the second county)
History 
• Established
868
1139
ISO 3166 codePT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Asturias
Kingdom of Galicia
Kingdom of León
County of Coimbra
Kingdom of Portugal
Today part ofPortugal
Spain

The County of Portugal (Portuguese: Condado de Portugal, Condado Portucalense, Condado de Portucale; in documents of the period the name used was Portugalia[1]) refers to two successive medieval counties in the region around Guimarães and Porto, today corresponding to littoral northern Portugal, within which the identity of the Portuguese people formed. The first county existed from the mid-ninth to the mid-eleventh centuries as a vassalage of the Kingdom of Asturias and the Kingdom of Galicia and also part of the Kingdom of León, before being abolished as a result of rebellion. A larger entity under the same name was then reestablished in the late 11th century and subsequently elevated by its count in the mid-12th century into an independent Kingdom of Portugal.

  1. ^ Ribeiro, Ângelo; Hermano, José (2004), História de Portugal I – A Formação do Território [History of Portugal: The Formation of the Territory] (in Portuguese), QuidNovi, ISBN 989-554-106-6

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