Demographics of Singapore

Demographics of Singapore
Singapore single age population pyramid 2020.png
Population pyramid of Singapore as of 2020
Population5,453,600 (2021)[1]
Birth rate8.6 births/1,000 population (2021)[1]
Death rate5.8 deaths/1,000 population (2021)[1]
Life expectancyDecrease 83.5 years (2021)[1]
 • maleDecrease 81.1 years (2021)[1]
 • femaleSteady 85.9 years (2021)[1]
Fertility rateIncrease 1.12 (2021)[1]
Infant mortality rate1.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2021)[1]
Nationalitynoun: Singaporean(s) adjective: Singaporean
Major ethnicChinese, Malay, Indian
OfficialEnglish, Mandarin, Malay, Tamil
SpokenEnglish, Singlish, Mandarin, Singdarin, Malay, Tamil and others

The demographics of Singapore include the population statistics of Singapore such as population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other demographic data of the population.

As of June 2021, Singapore's population stood at 5.45 million.[2] Of its total population of 5.45 million in 2021, 4 million are residents, which consists of citizens and permanent residents (PRs), and 1.45 million are non-residents, which consists of those on various work passes as well as foreign students.

Singapore is a multiracial, multiethnic, and multicultural Asian society and its people are broadly organised under the CMIO (Chinese–Malay–Indian–Other) system of categorisation since 1965. Ethnic Chinese at 75.9% form the largest group, followed by ethnic Malays (15.0%) and ethnic Indians (7.5%), collectively making up virtually the entirety of its citizen population (98.4%).[3] The remaining 1.6% consists of those classified as "Other" or are Eurasians. The Malays are recognised as the indigenous community.[4][5][6][7] Mixed-race Singaporeans often take up the race of their father in official documents. However, the race categorisation on their National Registration Identity Card (NRIC) has the option to be double barrelled to signify both ethnicities of their parents.[8]

There are four official languages in Singapore – English, Malay, Mandarin and Tamil. Malay is the symbolic national language, while English is the main working language.[9] Education in Singapore is bilingual whereby English is the main medium of instruction, and students are also taught a second language which may be Malay, Mandarin, or Tamil. Students also have the option to learn a third language at the Ministry of Education Language Centre (MOELC) or a different second language other than the three official ones depending on the circumstances.[10][11] Singlish, a local creole and accent, is often used in colloquial speech and is understood among the native-born races of Singapore. There is also Singdarin, which is of the same premise as Singlish largely based on Mandarin.

Religions include Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Taoism, Hinduism, amongst others. The annual total population growth rate for the year 2020 was -0.3%.[12][13] Singapore's resident total fertility rate (TFR) was 1.10 in 2020; the Singaporean Chinese, Malay and Indian fertility rates were 0.94, 1.83 and 0.97 respectively.[14] In 2018, the Singaporean Malay fertility rate was about 85% higher than that of Singaporean Chinese and Singaporean Indians, while approximately 70% higher in 2010.[15]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Find Data". Department of Statistics Singapore. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  2. ^ "Statistics Singapore – Population". Department of Statistics Singapore. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Census 2020" (PDF). Singapore Department of Statistics. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  4. ^ "World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples – Singapore: Malays". Archived from the original on 19 October 2012.
  5. ^ Vasil, R K (2000). Governing Singapore: democracy and national development. Allen & Unwin. p. 96. ISBN 978-1-86508-211-0.
  6. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Singapore". Attorney-General's Chambers of Singapore website. Part XIII Section 152(2). Archived from the original on 17 June 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
  7. ^ "Assessment for Malays in Singapore". Archived from the original on 28 March 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  8. ^ Tay, Dawn (13 January 2010). "Mixed-race S'poreans can have double barrelled IC category". Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  9. ^ Kishore Mahbubani (14 June 2014). "Big Idea No. 5: Speak the National Language". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 1 April 2018.
  10. ^ "English Language Syllabus 2010" (PDF). Ministry of Education. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2018. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Eyeing China, Singapore sees Mandarin as its future". Asiaone. Archived from the original on 4 November 2010.
  12. ^ Population Trends 2015 Archived 24 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine Department of Statistics, Singapore.
  13. ^ "Statistics Singapore – Population". Department of Statistics Singapore. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  14. ^ "Statistics Singapore – Total Fertility Rate". Department of Statistics Singapore. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  15. ^ Lee Kuan Yew (22 June 2010). "Singapore releases 2010 population in Brief Report". Govmonitor. Archived from the original on 24 June 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2010.

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