Executive Office of the President of the United States

Executive Office of the President
Seal of the Executive Office of the President of the United States 2014.svg
Seal of the Executive Office
Flag of the Executive Office of the President of the United States.svg
Flag of the Executive Office
Agency overview
FormedJuly 1, 1939 (1939-07-01)
JurisdictionU.S. Federal Government
HeadquartersWhite House, Washington, D.C.
Employees1,800 (approximately)
Annual budget$714 million[1]
Agency executives
Websitewww.whitehouse.gov

The Executive Office of the President (EOP) comprises the offices and agencies[2] that support the work of the president at the center of the executive branch of the United States federal government. The EOP consists of several offices and agencies, such as the White House Office (the staff working directly for and reporting to the president, including West Wing staff and the president's closest advisers), the National Security Council, and the Office of Management and Budget.

The EOP is also referred to as a "permanent government", with many policy programs, and the people who implement them, continuing between presidential administrations. This is because there is a need for qualified, knowledgeable civil servants in each office or agency to inform new politicians.[3]

The civil servants who work in the Executive Office of the President are also regarded as nonpartisan and politically neutral, so that they can give impartial advice.[3]

With the increase in technological and global advancement, the size of the White House staff has increased to include an array of policy experts to effectively address various fields. In 2015, there were about 1,800 positions in the EOP,[4] most of which did not require confirmation from the U.S. Senate.

The EOP is overseen by the White House chief of staff. Since January 20, 2021, that position has been held by Ron Klain, who was appointed by President Joe Biden.[5][6][7][8]

  1. ^ "FY 2017 Omnibus Summary – Financial Services and General Government Appropriations" (PDF). House Appropriations Committee. May 1, 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 1, 2017. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
  2. ^ Harold C. Relyea (November 26, 2008). The Executive Office of the President: A Historical Overview (PDF) (Report). Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Mckeever, Robert J. (2014). A Brief Introduction to US Politics. doi:10.4324/9781315837260. ISBN 978-1315837260.
  4. ^ "The Executive Branch". whitehouse.gov. April 1, 2015. Retrieved March 5, 2021.
  5. ^ Hartnett, Cass. "Library Guides: United States Federal Government Resources: The Executive Office of the President". guides.lib.uw.edu. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  6. ^ Trump, Donald J. (December 14, 2018). "I am pleased to announce that Mick Mulvaney, Director of the Office of Management & Budget, will be named Acting White House Chief of Staff, replacing General John Kelly, who has served our Country with distinction. Mick has done an outstanding job while in the Administration..." @realDonaldTrump. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  7. ^ Swanson, Ian (December 14, 2018). "Trump names Mulvaney acting chief of staff". TheHill. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  8. ^ O'Toole, Molly (December 30, 2018). "John F. Kelly says his tenure as Trump's chief of staff is best measured by what the president did not do". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 5, 2019.

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