Facebook

Facebook
Facebook f logo (2021).svg

Facebook Logo (2019).svg
Screenshot
Facebook user page (2019).png
Mark Zuckerberg's profile (viewed when logged out)
Type of site
Social networking service
Publisher
Available in112 languages[1]
List of languages
Multilingual
Afrikaans, Albanian, Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Assamese, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Cebuano, Corsican, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Dutch (België), English (UK), English (US), English (upside down), Esperanto, Estonian, Faroese, Filipino, Finnish, French (Canada), French (France), Frisian, Fula, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Guarani, Gujarati, Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Japanese (Kansai), Javanese, Kannada, Kazakh, Khmer, Kinyarwanda, Korean, Kurdish (Kurmanji), Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Marathi, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian (bokmal), Norwegian (nynorsk), Odia, Pashto, Persian, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Punjabi, Romanian, Russian, Sardinian, Serbian, Shona, Silesian, Simplified Chinese (China), Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Somali, Sorani Kurdish, Spanish, Spanish (Spain), Swahili, Swedish, Syriac, Tajik, Tamazight, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Tetun, Thai, Traditional Chinese (Hong Kong), Traditional Chinese (Taiwan), Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Welsh and Zaza
FoundedFebruary 4, 2004 (2004-02-04) in Cambridge, Massachusetts
Area servedWorldwide, except blocking countries
OwnerMeta Platforms
Founder(s)Mark Zuckerberg
Eduardo Saverin
CEOMark Zuckerberg
URL
RegistrationRequired (to do any activity)
UsersIncrease 2.94 billion monthly active users (as of 31 March 2022)[2]
LaunchedFebruary 4, 2004 (2004-02-04)
Current statusActive
Written inC++, Hack (as HHVM)
[3][4][5]

Facebook is an online social media and social networking service owned by American company Meta Platforms. Founded in 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg with fellow Harvard College students and roommates Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris Hughes, its name comes from the face book directories often given to American university students. Membership was initially limited to Harvard students, gradually expanding to other North American universities and, since 2006, anyone over 13 years old. As of 2020, Facebook claimed 2.8 billion monthly active users,[2] and ranked fourth in global internet usage.[6] It was the most downloaded mobile app of the 2010s.[7]

Facebook can be accessed from devices with Internet connectivity, such as personal computers, tablets and smartphones. After registering, users can create a profile revealing information about themselves. They can post text, photos and multimedia which are shared with any other users who have agreed to be their "friend" or, with different privacy settings, publicly. Users can also communicate directly with each other with Facebook Messenger, join common-interest groups, and receive notifications on the activities of their Facebook friends and the pages they follow.

The subject of numerous controversies, Facebook has often been criticized over issues such as user privacy (as with the Cambridge Analytica data scandal), political manipulation (as with the 2016 U.S. elections) and mass surveillance.[8] Posts originating from the Facebook page of Breitbart News, a media organization previously affiliated with Cambridge Analytica, are currently among the most widely shared political content on Facebook.[9][10][11][12][13] Facebook has also been subject to criticism over psychological effects such as addiction and low self-esteem, and various controversies over content such as fake news, conspiracy theories, copyright infringement, and hate speech.[14] Commentators have accused Facebook of willingly facilitating the spread of such content,[15][16][17][18][19][20] as well as exaggerating its number of users to appeal to advertisers.[21]

  1. ^ "Facebook Interface Languages". Facebook (Select your language).
  2. ^ a b "Facebook Reports First Quarter 2022 Results". Facebook Investor Relations. March 31, 2022. Retrieved April 27, 2022.
  3. ^ "Our History". Facebook. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  4. ^ Clarke, Gavin (February 2, 2010). "Facebook re-write takes PHP to an enterprise past". The Register. Situation Publishing. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
  5. ^ Levin, Sam (July 3, 2018). "Is Facebook a publisher? In public it says no, but in court it says yes" – via The Guardian.
  6. ^ "The top 500 sites on the web". Alexa Internet. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
  7. ^ Miller, Chance (December 17, 2019). "These were the most-downloaded apps and games of the decade". 9to5Mac. Retrieved December 17, 2019.
  8. ^ "Facebook accused of conducting mass surveillance through its apps". the Guardian. May 24, 2018. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
  9. ^ "Facebook offers a distorted view of American news". The Economist. September 10, 2020. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved May 5, 2022. According to CrowdTangle, a Facebook-owned tool that tracks how web content is shared on social media, the two most popular American media outlets on the site last month (..) were Fox News and Breitbart, two right-wing news sites.
  10. ^ Ellison, Sarah; Izadi, Elahe (October 26, 2021). "'Definitely not the results we want': Facebook staff lamented 'perverse incentives' for media". Washington Post. Retrieved May 5, 2022. An August article from Breitbart, an early and loyal media ally of former president Donald Trump, touted three months of CrowdTangle data to boast that it was ‘demolishing its establishment foes on Facebook.’
  11. ^ Alba, Davey (September 29, 2020). "The Facebook Pages With the Largest Share of Debate Conversation". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 5, 2022. At the top was Fox News (with a 25 percent share of the conversation), followed by Breitbart (15 percent of the conversation) and then the conservative commentator Ben Shapiro (12 percent share).
  12. ^ Roose, Kevin (July 14, 2021). "Inside Facebook's Data Wars". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  13. ^ Darcy, Oliver (May 28, 2020). "Trump says right-wing voices are being censored. The data says something else". CNN. Retrieved May 5, 2022. The second top US political media page belonged to Breitbart, with 23% of total interactions.
  14. ^ Mahdawi, Arwa (December 21, 2018). "Is 2019 the year you should finally quit Facebook? | Arwa Mahdawi". The Guardian – via www.theguardian.com.
  15. ^ Medrano, Kastalia (January 25, 2018). "Facebook Spreads Viral Fake News Story About Vaccines". Newsweek.
  16. ^ Raphael, Rina (February 4, 2019). "A shockingly large majority of health news shared on Facebook is fake or misleading". Fast Company.
  17. ^ "Facebook will not remove fake news – but will 'demote' it". BBC News. July 13, 2018.
  18. ^ Funke, Daniel (March 6, 2019). "Forget fake news stories. False text posts are getting massive engagement on Facebook". Poynter.
  19. ^ "Russia-Ukraine war: Facebook temporarily allows posts allowing violent speech against Russian 'invaders'". India Today. Reuters. March 11, 2022. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  20. ^ "Facebook Allows Ukraine War Posts Urging Violence Against Invading Russians, Putin". The Wire.
  21. ^ Claburn, Thomas (August 17, 2018). "Facebook flat-out 'lies' about how many people can see its ads – lawsuit". The Register. Retrieved November 18, 2020.

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