Fellow of the Royal Society

Fellowship of the Royal Society
Entrance to The Royal Society.jpg
Headquarters of the Royal Society in Carlton House Terrace in London
Awarded for"Contributions to the improvement of natural knowledge"[1]
Sponsored byRoyal Society
Date1663 (1663)
LocationLondon
CountryUnited Kingdom
Total no. FellowsApproximately 8,000[2] (1,707 living members)

Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS, ForMemRS and HonFRS) is an award granted by the judges of the Royal Society of London to individuals who have made a "substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science, and medical science".[1]

Fellowship of the Society, the oldest known scientific academy in continuous existence, is a significant honour. It has been awarded to many eminent scientists throughout history, including Isaac Newton (1672),[2] Michael Faraday (1824),[2] Charles Darwin (1839),[2] Ernest Rutherford (1903),[3] Srinivasa Ramanujan (1918),[4] Albert Einstein (1921),[5] Paul Dirac (1930), Winston Churchill (1941), Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1944),[6] Dorothy Hodgkin (1947),[7] Alan Turing (1951),[8] Lise Meitner (1955)[9] and Francis Crick (1959).[10][11] More recently, fellowship has been awarded to Stephen Hawking (1974), David Attenborough (1983), Tim Hunt (1991), Elizabeth Blackburn (1992), Tim Berners-Lee (2001), Venki Ramakrishnan (2003), Atta-ur-Rahman (2006),[12] Andre Geim (2007),[13] James Dyson (2015), Ajay Kumar Sood (2015), Subhash Khot (2017), Elon Musk (2018),[14] and around 8,000 others in total,[2] including over 280 Nobel Laureates since 1900. As of October 2018, there are approximately 1,689 living Fellows, Foreign and Honorary Members, of which over 60 are Nobel Laureates.[15]

Elected in 1672, Isaac Newton was one of the earliest fellows of the Royal Society.

Fellowship of the Royal Society has been described by The Guardian as "the equivalent of a lifetime achievement Oscar"[16] with several institutions celebrating their announcement each year.[17][18][19][20][21][22][23]

  1. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference elections was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ a b c d e Anon (2015). "Fellowship of the Royal Society 1660-2015". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 15 October 2015.
  3. ^ Eve, A. S.; Chadwick, J. (1938). "Lord Rutherford 1871–1937". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 2 (6): 394–423. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1938.0025.
  4. ^ Neville, Eric Harold (1921). "The Late Srinivasa Ramanujan". Nature. 106 (2673): 661–662. Bibcode:1921Natur.106..661N. doi:10.1038/106661b0. S2CID 4185656.
  5. ^ Whittaker, E. (1955). "Albert Einstein. 1879–1955". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 1: 37–67. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1955.0005. JSTOR 769242. S2CID 619823.
  6. ^ Tayler, Roger J. (1996). "Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. 19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 42: 80–94. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1996.0006. S2CID 58736242.
  7. ^ Dodson, Guy (2002). "Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, O.M. 12 May 1910 – 29 July 1994". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 48: 179–219. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2002.0011. PMID 13678070. S2CID 61764553.
  8. ^ Newman, M. H. A. (1955). "Alan Mathison Turing. 1912–1954". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 1: 253–263. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1955.0019. JSTOR 769256.
  9. ^ "The Royal Society - Fellow Details". The Royal Society. 13 September 2020. Archived from the original on 7 March 2021. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  10. ^ Bretscher, Mark S.; Mitchison, Graeme (2017). "Francis Harry Compton Crick OM. 8 June 1916 – 28 July 2004". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 63: rsbm20170010. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2017.0010. ISSN 0080-4606.
  11. ^ Rich, Alexander; Stevens, Charles F. (2004). "Obituary: Francis Crick (1916–2004)". Nature. 430 (7002): 845–847. Bibcode:2004Natur.430..845R. doi:10.1038/430845a. PMID 15318208.
  12. ^ "Atta-Ur Rahman – Royal Society". Royalsociety.org. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  13. ^ "Andre Geim – Royal Society". Royalsociety.org. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  14. ^ "Elon Musk – Royal Society". Royalsociety.org. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  15. ^ Anon (2007). "Fellowship of the Royal Society: a window on the election process" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2016.
  16. ^ Blackstock, Colin (2004). "Fellows keep Susan Greenfield off Royal Society list". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 13 September 2015.
  17. ^ Anon (2016). "Eminent cancer researchers elected to Royal Society Fellowship". London: Institute of Cancer Research. Archived from the original on 25 May 2016.
  18. ^ Anon (2016). "Royal Society Fellowship for Crick scientist". London: Francis Crick Institute. Archived from the original on 25 May 2016.
  19. ^ "Manchester scientists elected as Fellows of Royal Society". Manchester.ac.uk. Manchester: University of Manchester. 2016. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016.
  20. ^ "Royal Society Fellows at Imperial College". London: Imperial College London. 2016. Archived from the original on 15 April 2016.
  21. ^ "Three University of Aberdeen researchers elected to Royal Society". Aberdeen: University of Aberdeen. 2016. Archived from the original on 25 May 2016.
  22. ^ "The Royal Society announces election of new Fellows 2015". Cambridge: University of Cambridge. 2016. Archived from the original on 24 April 2016.
  23. ^ "Seven Oxford academics elected Fellows of the Royal Society". Oxford: University of Oxford. 2016. Archived from the original on 30 April 2016.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia · View on Wikipedia

Developed by Nelliwinne