Fortaleza

Fortaleza
Municipality of Fortaleza
Município de Fortaleza
From top to bottom and from left to right: aerial view of Meireles Beach; Dragão do Mar Center of Art and Culture; Theatre José de Alencar; British Bridge; St. Joseph's Cathedral; aerial view of Castelão Stadium; and the statue "Iracema, the Guardian".
Flag of Fortaleza
Coat of arms of Fortaleza
Nicknames: 
Fortal
Miami Brasileira (Brazilian Miami)
Terra da Luz (Land of Light)
Motto: 
"Fortitudine" (Latin)
Location of Fortaleza
Fortaleza is located in Brazil
Fortaleza
Fortaleza
Location in Brazil
Fortaleza is located in South America
Fortaleza
Fortaleza
Fortaleza (South America)
Coordinates: 03°43′39″S 38°31′39″W / 3.72750°S 38.52750°W / -3.72750; -38.52750Coordinates: 03°43′39″S 38°31′39″W / 3.72750°S 38.52750°W / -3.72750; -38.52750
Country Brazil
RegionNortheast
State Ceará
FoundedApril 13, 1726
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorJosé Sarto (PDT)
 • Deputy mayorÉlcio Batista (PSB)
Area
 • Municipality312.353 km2 (120.600 sq mi)
 • Metro
7,440.053 km2 (2,872.621 sq mi)
Elevation
16 m (52 ft)
Population
 (2021 [1])
 • Municipality2,703,391
 • Rank5th
 • Density8,654.92/km2 (22,416.1/sq mi)
 • Metro
4,167,996
 • Metro density560.21/km2 (1,450.9/sq mi)
DemonymPortuguese: Fortalezense
Time zoneUTC−3 (BST)
Postal code
60000-001 to 61599-999
Area code+55 85
HDI (2010)0.754 – high[2]
Websitefortaleza.ce.gov.br

Fortaleza ([foht̪äˈlezɐ], locally [fɔɦtaˈlezɐ], Portuguese for Fortress) is the state capital of Ceará, located in Northeastern Brazil. It belongs to the Metropolitan mesoregion of Fortaleza and microregion of Fortaleza. It is Brazil's 5th largest city and the twelfth richest city in the country in GDP. It also has the third richest metropolitan area in the North and Northeast regions. It is an important industrial and commercial center of Brazil, the nation's eighth largest municipality in purchasing power. According to the Ministry of Tourism, the city reached the mark of second most desired destination of Brazil and fourth among Brazilian cities in tourists received. The BR-116, the most important highway of the country, starts in Fortaleza. The municipality is part of the Common Market of Mercosur Cities, and also the Brazilian state capital which is closest to Europe, 5,608 kilometres (3,485 mi) from Lisbon, Portugal.[3][4]

To the north of the city lies the Atlantic Ocean; to the south are the municipalities of Pacatuba, Eusébio, Maracanaú and Itaitinga; to the east is the municipality of Aquiraz and the Atlantic Ocean; and to the west is the municipality of Caucaia. Residents of the city are known as Fortalezenses. Fortaleza is one of the three leading cities in the Northeast region together with Recife and Salvador.[4][5]

  1. ^ "IBGE 2021".
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 8, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Fortaleza é a quinta capital mais populosa e lidera a sétima maior região metropolitana - Ceará - O POVO Online". Archived from the original on December 6, 2016. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
  4. ^ a b Garmany, Jeff (2011). "Situating Fortaleza: Urban space and uneven development in northeastern Brazil". Cities. Elsevier. 28 (1): 45–52. doi:10.1016/j.cities.2010.08.004.
  5. ^ Istrate, Emilia; Nadeau, Carey Anne (November 30, 2012). "Global Metro Monitor: Slowdown, Recovery, and Interdependence 2012" (PDF). Brookings Institution. Retrieved October 31, 2019.

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