Fox News

Fox News Channel
CountryUnited States
Broadcast area
  • United States
  • Canada
Headquarters
Programming
Language(s)American English
Picture format720p (16:9 HDTV)[1]
Ownership
OwnerFox Corporation
ParentFox News Media
Sister channels
History
LaunchedOctober 7, 1996 (1996-10-07)[2]
Links
Websitefoxnews.com Edit this at Wikidata
Availability
Streaming media
Online streamFox News Go (pay-TV subscribers only)

The Fox News Channel (FNC), commonly known as Fox News, is an American multinational conservative news and political commentary television channel and website based in New York City.[3][4] It is owned by Fox News Media, which itself is owned by the Fox Corporation.[5] It is the most-watched cable news network in the U.S.,[6][7][8] and as of 2023 generates approximately 70% of its parent company's pre-tax profit.[9] The channel broadcasts primarily from studios at 1211 Avenue of the Americas in Midtown Manhattan. Fox News provides a service to 86 countries and territories,[10] with international broadcasts featuring Fox Extra segments during advertising breaks.[11]

The channel was created by Australian-born American media mogul Rupert Murdoch in 1996 to appeal to a conservative audience, hiring former Republican media consultant and CNBC executive Roger Ailes as its founding CEO.[12][13] It launched on October 7, 1996, to 17 million cable subscribers.[14] Fox News grew during the late 1990s and 2000s to become the dominant United States cable news subscription network.[15] By September 2018, 87 million U.S. households (91 percent of television subscribers) could receive Fox News.[16] In 2019, it was the top-rated cable network, averaging 2.5 million viewers in prime time.[17][18][19] Murdoch, the executive chairman since 2016,[20][21] said in 2023 that he would step down and hand responsibilities to his son, Lachlan.[22] Suzanne Scott has been the CEO since 2018.[23]

Fox News has been characterized as a propaganda outlet.[24] Its coverage has included biased reporting in favor of the Republican Party, its politicians, and conservative causes,[25][26][27] while portraying the Democratic Party in a negative light.[28][29] Critics have argued that the channel is damaging to the integrity of news overall.[30][31] In 2009, Fox News denied bias in its news reporting. The channel's official position was that its reporting operates independently of its opinion journalism.[32][needs update] Media analyst Brian Stelter, who has written extensively about the network, observes that in more recent years it has adjusted its programming to present "less news on the air and more opinions-about-the-news" throughout the day, on concerns it was losing viewers to more conservative competitors that were presenting such content.[33]

After Dominion Voting Systems initiated a defamation lawsuit against Fox regarding their reporting on the 2020 U.S. election, Fox's internal communications were released, showing that its presenters and senior executives privately doubted claims of a stolen election, while Fox continued to broadcast such claims.[34] Other communications showed Fox CEO Suzanne Scott stating that fact-checking such claims would alienate Fox viewers.[35] Fox settled the lawsuit in 2023 by agreeing to pay Dominion $787.5 million and acknowledging the court ruling that Fox had broadcast false statements about Dominion.[36][37]

According to Pew Research Center, in 2019, 65 percent of Republicans and people who lean Republican trusted Fox News.[38]

  1. ^ "HD Channels | HD Report". Archived from the original on January 20, 2022. Retrieved April 9, 2022.
  2. ^ "Corporate Information". Press.FoxNews.com. Fox News Network, LLC. Archived from the original on December 29, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
  3. ^ Nie, Norman H.; Miller, Darwin W. III; Golde, Saar; Butler, Daniel M.; Winneg, Kenneth (2010). "The World Wide Web and the U.S. Political News Market". American Journal of Political Science. 54 (2): 428–439. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2010.00439.x. ISSN 1540-5907.
  4. ^ Meyers, Christopher (July 2, 2020). "Partisan News, the Myth of Objectivity, and the Standards of Responsible Journalism". Journal of Media Ethics. 35 (3): 180–194. doi:10.1080/23736992.2020.1780131. ISSN 2373-6992. S2CID 221538960.
  5. ^ "Media Relations". Fox News. Archived from the original on December 29, 2020. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
  6. ^ Joyella, Mark. "Fox News Hits 23rd Consecutive Month As Most-Watched In Cable News As CNN Sees Gains In January". Forbes. Archived from the original on March 11, 2023. Retrieved March 11, 2023.
  7. ^ "U.S. most-watched news network 2022". Statista. Archived from the original on March 9, 2023. Retrieved March 11, 2023.
  8. ^ "Fox News Channel had largest cable TV audience for 7th-straight year in 2022 | Fox News". www.foxnews.com. Archived from the original on March 11, 2023. Retrieved March 11, 2023.
  9. ^ Ellison, Sarah; Barr, Jeremy (May 3, 2023). "For the Murdochs, Tucker Carlson became more trouble than he was worth". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on May 2, 2023. Retrieved December 31, 2023.
  10. ^ "Where in the World is FOX?". Fox News. March 1, 2011. Archived from the original on February 6, 2019. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  11. ^ "Fox plans to run sponsored stories during ad breaks this fall". FierceVideo. June 18, 2018. Archived from the original on October 21, 2020. Retrieved September 28, 2020.
  12. ^ Mifflin, Lawrie (October 7, 1996). "At the new Fox News Channel, the buzzword is fairness, separating news from bias". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 11, 2019. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  13. ^ Richwine, Lisa; Gibson, Ginger (July 21, 2016). "Divisive Ailes gave conservatives a TV home at Fox News". Reuters. Archived from the original on November 7, 2020. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  14. ^ Cite error: The named reference King was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  15. ^ Gillette, Felix (October 1, 2008). "Viewers Continuing to Flock to Cable News Networks". The New York Observer. Archived from the original on October 28, 2020. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  16. ^ Bucholtz, Andrew (September 10, 2018). "Nielsen coverage estimates for September see gains at ESPN networks, NBCSN, and NBA TV, drops at MLBN and NFLN". Awful Announcing. Archived from the original on August 19, 2019. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
  17. ^ Joyella, Mark (December 11, 2019). "Fox News Ends 2019 With Biggest Prime Time Ratings Ever". Forbes. Archived from the original on December 7, 2020. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  18. ^ Andreeva, Nellie; Johnson, Ted (December 27, 2019). "Cable Ratings 2019: Fox News Tops Total Viewers, ESPN Wins 18–49 Demo As Entertainment Networks Slide". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on January 14, 2020. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  19. ^ Schneider, Michael (December 26, 2019). "Most-Watched Television Networks: Ranking 2019's Winners and Losers". Variety. Archived from the original on January 6, 2020. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  20. ^ Reilly, Katie (July 21, 2016). "Roger Ailes Resigns From Fox News Amid Sexual Harassment Accusations". Time. Archived from the original on November 22, 2020. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  21. ^ Redden, Molly (July 21, 2016). "Roger Ailes leaves Fox News in wake of sexual harassment claims". The Guardian. Archived from the original on April 28, 2023. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  22. ^ Darcy, Oliver (September 21, 2023). "Rupert Murdoch steps down as Fox and News Corp. chairman". CNN Business. Archived from the original on September 21, 2023. Retrieved September 21, 2023.
  23. ^ Steinberg, Brian (May 17, 2018). "Suzanne Scott Named CEO of Fox News". Variety. Archived from the original on November 9, 2020. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  24. ^ Multiple sources:
  25. ^ Jamieson, Kathleen Hall; Cappella, Joseph N. (February 4, 2010). Echo Chamber: Rush Limbaugh and the Conservative Media Establishment. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19539-860-1. Archived from the original on June 12, 2020. Retrieved May 11, 2018. We do this to illustrate the ways Fox News, Limbaugh, and the print and web editorial pages of the Wall Street Journal play both offense and defense in service of conservative objectives. As these case studies will suggest, the big three reinforce each other's conservative messages in ways that distinguish them from the other major broadcast media, CBS News, NBC News, ABC News, CNN, MSNBC, CNBC and major print outlets such as the Washington Post and New York Times.
  26. ^ Skocpol, Theda; Williamson, Vanessa (September 1, 2016). The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 5, 8, 86, 123, 125, 130–140. ISBN 978-0-19063-366-0. Archived from the original on May 14, 2020. Retrieved May 11, 2018. ... the challenge of spreading and germinating the Tea Party idea was surmounted with impressive ease because a major sector of the U.S. media today is openly partisan—including Fox News Channel, the right-wing 'blogosphere,' and a nationwide network of right-wing talk radio programs. This aptly named conservative media 'echo chamber' reaches into the homes of many Americans ... Towering above all others is the Fox News empire, the loudest voice in conservative media. Despite its claim to be "fair and balanced", multiple studies have documented FNC's conservative stance ... Fox News's conservative slant encourages a particular worldview.
  27. ^ Cite error: The named reference Kludt-2018 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  28. ^ Grossman, Matt; Hopkins, David A. (October 13, 2016). Asymmetric Politics: Ideological Republicans and Group Interest Democrats. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-19062-660-0. Archived from the original on May 18, 2020. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
  29. ^ Bard, Mitchell T. (June 2017). "Propaganda, Persuasion, or Journalism?: Fox News' Prime-Time Coverage of Health-Care Reform in 2009 and 2014". Electronic News. 11 (2): 100–118. doi:10.1177/1931243117710278. S2CID 148586375. Archived from the original on April 7, 2022. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  30. ^ Collings, Anthony (2010). Capturing the News: Three Decades of Reporting Crisis and Conflict. University of Missouri Press. p. 166. ISBN 978-0-8262-7211-9.
  31. ^ McCollum, Jonathan; Hebert, David G. (2014). Theory and Method in Historical Ethnomusicology. Lexington Books. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-4985-0705-9. Archived from the original on July 20, 2023. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  32. ^ "White House Escalates War of Words With Fox News". Fox News. October 12, 2009. Archived from the original on October 17, 2009. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  33. ^ Stelter, Brian (June 8, 2021). "'We turned so far right we went crazy:' How Fox News was radicalized by its own viewers". CNN Business.
  34. ^ Cite error: The named reference Crazy was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  35. ^ Cite error: The named reference Levine was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  36. ^ Cite error: The named reference 787m was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  37. ^ Cite error: The named reference crystal was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  38. ^ Jurkowitz, Mark; Mitchell, Amy; Shearer, Elisa; Walker, Mason (January 24, 2020). "U.S. Media Polarization and the 2020 Election: A Nation Divided". Pew Research Center's Journalism Project. Archived from the original on September 30, 2022. Retrieved September 30, 2022.

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