Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952

Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act To revise the laws relating to immigration, naturalization, and nationality; and for other purposes.
Acronyms (colloquial)INA
NicknamesMcCarran–Walter Act
Enacted bythe 82nd United States Congress
EffectiveJune 27, 1952
Public law82-414
Statutes at Large66 Stat. 163
Titles amended8 U.S.C.: Aliens and Nationality
U.S.C. sections created8 U.S.C. ch. 12
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the House as H.R. 5678 by Francis E. Walter (D-PA) and Pat McCarran (D-NV) on October 9, 1951
  • Passed the House on April 25, 1952 (206–68[1])
  • Passed the Senate on May 22, 1952 (voice vote[2])
  • Reported by the joint conference committee on May 23, 1952; agreed to by the House on June 10, 1952 (302–53[3]) and by the Senate on June 11, 1952 (voice vote[4])
  • Vetoed by President Harry S. Truman[5] on June 25, 1952
  • Overridden by the House on June 26, 1952 (278–113[6])
  • Overridden by the Senate and became law on June 27, 1952 (57–26[7])
Major amendments

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (Pub.L. 82–414, 66 Stat. 163, enacted June 27, 1952), also known as the McCarran–Walter Act, codified under Title 8 of the United States Code (8 U.S.C. ch. 12), governs immigration to and citizenship in the United States.[8] It came into effect on June 27, 1952. Before the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, various statutes governed immigration law but were not organized within one body of text. According to its own text, the Act is officially entitled as just the Immigration and Nationality Act, but it is frequently specified with 1952 at the end in order to differentiate it from the 1965 law.

  1. ^ "House Acts to Give Asians Citizenship and End Race Bars". The New York Times. April 26, 1952. p. 1.
  2. ^ Trussell, C.P. (May 23, 1952). "Alien Bill Passed Intact by Senate". The New York Times. p. 1.
  3. ^ Trussell, C.P. (June 11, 1952). "Immigration Bill Passed by House; Senate Is Expected to Act Today". The New York Times. p. 5.
  4. ^ Trussell, C.P. (June 12, 1952). "Congress Passes Immigration Bill: Voice Vote in Senate Sends It to President as Opposition Virtually Collapses". The New York Times. p. 1.
  5. ^ Leviero, Anthony (June 26, 1952). "President Vetoes Immigration Bill As Discriminatory". The New York Times. p. 1.
  6. ^ Trussell, C.P. (June 27, 1952). "Immigration Bill Repassed by House Over Truman Veto: McCarran Measure to Codify Alien Laws Wins 17 Votes Over Two-thirds Majority". The New York Times. p. 1.
  7. ^ Trussell, C.P. (June 28, 1952). "Congress Enacts Immigration Bill over Truman Veto: Senate, 57-26, Follows House on Overriding President—Law Effective in 6 Months". The New York Times. p. 1.
  8. ^ "The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (The McCarran-Walter Act)". Office of the Historian, Foreign Service Institute. United States Department of State.

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