Indian Citizenship Act

Native Indian Citizenship Act
Great Seal of the United States
Other short titlesNative Indian Freedom Citizenship Suffrage Act of 1924 and 1925
Long titleAn Act to authorize the Secretary of the Interior to issue certificates of citizenship to Native Indians.
Acronyms (colloquial)ICA
NicknamesSnyder Act
Enacted bythe 68th United States Congress
EffectiveJune 2, 1924
Public lawPub.L. 68–175
Statutes at Large43 Stat. 253
Titles amended8 U.S.C.: Aliens and Nationality
U.S.C. sections amended8 U.S.C. ch. 12, subch. III § 1401b
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the House as H.R. 6355 by Homer P. Snyder (R-NY) on February 22, 1924
  • Committee consideration by House Indian Affairs, Senate Indian Affairs
  • Passed the House on March 18, 1924 (Passed)
  • Passed the Senate on May 15, 1924 (Agreed)
  • Agreed to by the House on May 23, 1924 (Agreed) and by the Senate on 
  • Signed into law by President Calvin Coolidge on June 2, 1924
President Coolidge stands with four Osage Indians at a White House ceremony

The Indian Citizenship Act of 1924, (43 Stat. 253, enacted June 2, 1924) was an Act of the United States Congress that granted US citizenship to the indigenous peoples of the United States. While the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution defines a citizen as any persons born in the United States and subject to its laws and jurisdiction, the amendment had previously been interpreted by the courts not to apply to Native peoples.

The act was proposed by Representative Homer P. Snyder (R) of New York, and signed into law by President Calvin Coolidge on June 2, 1924. It was enacted partially in recognition of the thousands of Native Americans who served in the armed forces during the First World War.

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