Indian Ocean

Indian Ocean
Extent of the Indian Ocean according to the International Hydrographic Organization
Extent of the Indian Ocean according to International Hydrographic Organization
Indian Ocean is located in Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
Topographic/bathymetric map of the Indian Ocean region
Coordinates20°S 80°E / 20°S 80°E / -20; 80
Primary inflowsZambezi, Ganges-Brahmaputra, Indus, Jubba, and Murray (largest 5)
Catchment area21,100,000 km2 (8,100,000 sq mi)
Basin countriesSouth and Southeast Asia, Western Asia, Northeast, East and Southern Africa and Australia
Max. length9,600 km (6,000 mi)
(Antarctica to Bay of Bengal)[1]
Max. width7,600 km (4,700 mi)
(Africa to Australia)[1]
Surface area70,560,000 km2 (27,240,000 sq mi)
Average depth3,741 m (12,274 ft)
Max. depth7,258 m (23,812 ft)
(Java Trench)
Shore length166,526 km (41,337 mi)[2]
IslandsMadagascar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Reunion, Seychelles, Mauritius
SettlementsCities, ports and harbours list
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

The Indian Ocean is the third-largest of the world's five oceanic divisions, covering 70,560,000 km2 (27,240,000 sq mi) or ~19.8% of the water on Earth's surface.[4] It is bounded by Asia to the north, Africa to the west and Australia to the east. To the south it is bounded by the Southern Ocean or Antarctica depending on the definition in use.[5] Along its core, the Indian Ocean has some large marginal or regional seas such as the Arabian Sea, Laccadive Sea, Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea.

  1. ^ a b Demopoulos, Smith & Tyler 2003, Introduction, p. 219
  2. ^ Keesing & Irvine 2005, Introduction, p. 11–12; Table 1, p.12
  3. ^ CIA World Fact Book 2018
  4. ^ Eakins & Sharman 2010
  5. ^ "'Indian Ocean' — Merriam-Webster Dictionary Online". Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2012. ocean E of Africa, S of Asia, W of Australia, & N of Antarctica area ab 73,427,795 square kilometres (28,350,630 sq mi)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia · View on Wikipedia

Developed by Nelliwinne