Judiciary of Ukraine

The judicial system of Ukraine is outlined in the 1996 Constitution of Ukraine.[1] Before this there was no notion of judicial review nor any Supreme court since 1991's Ukrainian independence[2] when it started being slowly restructured.[3]

Although judicial independence exists in principle, there is little separation of juridical and political powers in practice. Judges are subjected to pressure from political and business interests.[4] Ukraine's court system is widely regarded as corrupt.[5]

Although there are still problems with the performance of the system, it is considered to have been much improved since the last judicial reform introduced in 2016.[6] The Supreme Court is regarded as being an independent and impartial body. It has on several occasions ruled against the Ukrainian government.

Since 2014, Ukraine has allowed videotaping of court sessions without obtaining the specific permission of the judge, within the limitations established by law. In 2015 the Open Court Project was launched to videotape civil, commercial, and administrative court proceedings. The Open Court Project has videotaped over 7000 court cases in courts at different levels. The videos are stored, indexed and published in the public domain. In 2017 NGO Open Ukraine has launched the VR Court Project aimed at videotaping court sessions with 3D 360 degree portable video cameras to create VR video records of court sessions.[citation needed]

  1. ^ How Ukraine Became a Market Economy and Democracy by Anders Åslund, Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2009, ISBN 978-0-88132-427-3 (page 245)
  2. ^ State and Institution Building in Ukraine by Taras Kuzio, Robert Kravchuk, and Paul D'Anieri, Palgrave Macmillan, 1999, ISBN 978-0-312-21458-6 (page 105)
  3. ^ U.S. prosecutor tasked with selecting officers to oversee prosecutors' actions, Ukrainian Independent Information Agency (9 August 2016)
  4. ^ The Ukraine Competitiveness Report 2008 by Margareta Drzeniek Hanouz and Thierry Geiger, World Economic Forum, 2008, ISBN 978-92-95044-05-0 (page 50)
  5. ^ Battle looming over new law on judiciary and judge status, Kyiv Post (July 4, 2010)
  6. ^ Amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine passed: Ukraine takes a major step towards a European System of Justice, Lexology (9 June 2016)
    Poroshenko signs law on High Council of Justice, Interfax-Ukraine (3 January 2017)

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