Lausanne

Lausanne
From top to bottom; left to right: the Olympic Museum, the Cathedral of Lausanne, the Federal courts of Switzerland, aerial view of the city, and the park of Milan.
From top to bottom; left to right: the Olympic Museum, the Cathedral of Lausanne, the Federal courts of Switzerland, aerial view of the city, and the park of Milan.
Flag of Lausanne
Coat of arms of Lausanne
Location of Lausanne
Lausanne is located in Switzerland
Lausanne
Lausanne
Lausanne is located in Canton of Vaud
Lausanne
Lausanne
Coordinates: 46°31.19′N 6°38.01′E / 46.51983°N 6.63350°E / 46.51983; 6.63350Coordinates: 46°31.19′N 6°38.01′E / 46.51983°N 6.63350°E / 46.51983; 6.63350
CountrySwitzerland
CantonVaud
DistrictLausanne
Government
 • ExecutiveMunicipalité
with 7 members
 • MayorSyndic (list)
Grégoire Junod SPS/PSS
(as of 2016)
 • ParliamentConseil communal
with 100 members
Area
 • Total41.37 km2 (15.97 sq mi)
Elevation
(Cité)
526 m (1,726 ft)
Highest elevation935 m (3,068 ft)
Lowest elevation372 m (1,220 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total139,111
 • Density3,400/km2 (8,700/sq mi)
DemonymFrench: Lausannois(e)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
1000 (in general), 1003–1007, 1010–1012, 1000 Lausanne 25–27, 1052 Le Mont-sur-Lausanne (partly), 1053 Cugy VD (partly), 1032 Crissier (partly), 1032 Romanel-sur-Lausanne (partly), 1033 Cheseaux-sur-Lausanne (partly)
SFOS number5586
LocalitiesLe Chalet-à-Gobet, Montblesson, Montheron, Ouchy, Vernand-Dessous, Vernand-Dessus, Vers-chez-les-Blanc
Surrounded byBottens, Bretigny-sur-Morrens, Chavannes-près-Renens, Cheseaux-sur-Lausanne, Crissier, Cugy, Écublens, Épalinges, Évian-les-Bains (FR-74), Froideville, Jouxtens-Mézery, Le Mont-sur-Lausanne, Lugrin (FR-74), Maxilly-sur-Léman (FR-74), Montpreveyres, Morrens, Neuvecelle (FR-74), Prilly, Pully, Renens, Romanel-sur-Lausanne, Saint-Sulpice, Savigny
Websitehttps://www.lausanne.ch
Profile (in French), SFSO statistics
Logo of the city of Lausanne

Lausanne (/lˈzæn/ loh-ZAN, US also /lˈzɑːn/ loh-ZAHN,[3][4][5][6] French: [lɔzan] (listen), German: [loˈzan])[a] is the capital and largest city of the Swiss French speaking canton of Vaud. It is a hilly city situated on the shores of Lake Geneva, about halfway between the Jura Mountains and the Alps, and facing the French town of Évian-les-Bains across the lake. Lausanne is located 62 kilometres (38.5 miles) northeast of Geneva, the nearest major city.[9]

The municipality of Lausanne has a population of about 140,000, making it the fourth largest city in Switzerland after Basel, Geneva, and Zurich, with the entire agglomeration area having about 420,000 inhabitants (as of January 2019).[10] The metropolitan area of Lausanne-Geneva (including Vevey-Montreux, Yverdon-les-Bains, Valais and foreign parts), commonly designated as Arc lémanique was over 1.3 million inhabitants in 2017 and is the fastest growing in Switzerland.[11]

Initially a Celtic and Roman settlement on the shores of the lake, Lausanne became a town at the foot of Notre Dame, a cathedral built in the 12th century. In the 20th century, Lausanne became a focus of international sport, hosting the International Olympic Committee (which has recognized the city as the "Olympic Capital" since 1994),[12] the Court of Arbitration for Sport and some 55 international sport associations.[13] It lies in a noted wine-growing region. The city has a 28-station metro system, making it the smallest city in the world to have a rapid transit system.[14] Lausanne hosted the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics.[15]

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ https://www.pxweb.bfs.admin.ch/pxweb/fr/px-x-0102020000_201/-/px-x-0102020000_201.px/table/tableViewLayout2/?rxid=c5985c8d-66cd-446c-9a07-d8cc07276160; retrieved: 2 June 2020.
  3. ^ "Lausanne". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). HarperCollins. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Lausanne". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Lausanne" (US) and "Lausanne". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 22 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Lausanne". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Glossarium Helvetiae Historicum, Lausanne" (official site) (in French). Berne, Switzerland: Historical Directory of Switzerland.. "À l'intérieur des articles, les formes principales des noms officiels ou indigènes ("endonymes") sont affichées en gros caractères demi-gras, celles des exonymes historiques en caractères normaux. Enfin, toutes les formes secondaires sont imprimées en italique. [Engl.: Within the articles, the main forms of official or indigenous names ("endonyms") are displayed in large semi-bold characters, those of historical exonyms in normal characters {means: non-bold}. Finally, all secondary forms are printed in italics.]
  8. ^ Gilbert Coutaz: Lausanne in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland, 30 June 2014.
  9. ^ "03 – Suisse sud-ouest". Swiss National Map 1:200 000 – Switzerland on four sheets. Federal Office of Topography, swisstopo, Swiss Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sport. 2009. Archived from the original on 11 April 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  10. ^ "Lebensqualität in den Städten und Agglomerationen (Agglo 2012): Demographischer Kontext". www.pxweb.bfs.admin.ch/ (Statistics). Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel, Swiss Federal Administration. 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  11. ^ Peca, Servan (29 December 2015). "L'Arc lémanique a été dépassé par son propre pouvoir de séduction". Le Temps.
  12. ^ "Welcome to International Sports Federations". International Sports Federations. Archived from the original on 11 August 2009. Retrieved 27 September 2009.
  13. ^ Kucera, Andrea (28 April 2015). "Lausanne – Hauptstadt des Sports". NZZ. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  14. ^ "Lausanne Metro m2, Vaud canton, Switzerland". Railway Technology. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  15. ^ "Lausanne named Winter Youth Olympic Games host for 2020". International Olympic Committee. 27 October 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2017.


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