Lee Hsien Loong

Lee Hsien Loong
Lee Hsien Loong June 2018.JPG
Lee in 2018
3rd Prime Minister of Singapore
Assumed office
12 August 2004
PresidentHalimah Yacob
DeputyHeng Swee Keat
Lawrence Wong
Preceded byGoh Chok Tong
Secretary-General of the People's Action Party
Assumed office
7 November 2004[1]
Preceded byGoh Chok Tong
Member of Parliament
for Ang Mo Kio GRC
(Teck Ghee)
Assumed office
21 August 1991
Preceded byConstituency established
Chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore
In office
January 1998 – August 2004
Preceded byRichard Hu
Succeeded byGoh Chok Tong
Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore
In office
28 November 1990 – 12 August 2004
Serving with Ong Teng Cheong (1985–1993)
Tony Tan (1995–2004)
Prime MinisterGoh Chok Tong
Preceded byGoh Chok Tong
Succeeded byS. Jayakumar
Minister for Finance
In office
10 November 2001 – 1 December 2007
Prime MinisterGoh Chok Tong
Second MinisterLim Hng Kiang
Raymond Lim
Tharman Shanmugaratnam
Preceded byRichard Hu
Succeeded byTharman Shanmugaratnam
Minister for Trade and Industry
In office
1 January 1987 – 6 December 1992
Acting: 18 February 1986 – 31 December 1986
Prime MinisterLee Kuan Yew
Goh Chok Tong
Preceded byTony Tan
Succeeded byS. Dhanabalan
Second Minister for Defence (Services)
In office
1 January 1987 – 27 November 1990
Serving with Yeo Ning Hong (as Second Minister of Defence (Policy))
Prime MinisterLee Kuan Yew
MinisterGoh Chok Tong
Member of Parliament
for Teck Ghee SMC
In office
22 December 1984 – 14 August 1991
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Personal details
Born (1952-02-10) 10 February 1952 (age 70)[2]
Colony of Singapore
Political partyPeople's Action Party
Wong Ming Yang
(m. 1978; died 1982)

(m. 1985)
Parent(s)Lee Kuan Yew (father)
Kwa Geok Choo (mother)
RelativesLee Hsien Yang (brother)
Lee Wei Ling (sister)
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge (MA, Dipl.)
Harvard University (MPA)
United States Army Command and General Staff College (MMAS)
WebsiteLee Hsien Loong on Facebook
Military service
Branch/serviceSingapore Army
Years of service1971–1984
Unit23rd Battalion Singapore Artillery
Lee Hsien Loong
Lee Hsien Loong (Chinese characters).svg
Lee's name in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Traditional Chinese李顯龍
Simplified Chinese李显龙

Lee Hsien Loong (Chinese: 李显龙; pinyin: Lǐ Xiǎnlóng; born 10 February 1952) is a Singaporean politician and former brigadier-general who has been serving as Prime Minister of Singapore and Secretary-General of the People's Action Party since 2004. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) representing the Teck Ghee division of Ang Mo Kio GRC since 1991, and previously Teck Ghee SMC between 1984 and 1991.

Born in Singapore during British colonial rule, Lee is the eldest son of Singapore's first prime minister, Lee Kuan Yew. He graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge in 1974 with a Bachelor of Arts with first class honours degree (later promoted to Master of Arts by seniority) in mathematics and a diploma in computer science (now equivalent to a master's degree in computer science) with distinction. He also completed a Master of Public Administration degree at Harvard Kennedy School in 1980. He served in the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) between 1971 and 1984, and attained the rank Brigadier-General before entering politics in 1984 where he was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Teck Ghee SMC and since its dissolution in 1991, he has been representing the Teck Ghee ward of Ang Mo Kio GRC.

Lee had served as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Finance, Minister for Trade and Industry and Second Minister for Defence under Prime Ministers Lee Kuan Yew and Goh Chok Tong before assuming the office of Prime Minister in 2004. In his first two years, his government enacted a "five-day work week" and extended maternity leave days. His proposal to build two Integrated Resorts (IRs) in Singapore to increase tourism revenue led to the development of the Marina Bay Sands and Resorts World Sentosa. Following the Great Recession, he oversaw the country's economic recovery within two years. Further political reforms in 2010 saw increased online activism as well as the number of Non-Constituency Members of Parliament (NCMPs) in Parliament.

His government has advocated Goods and Services Tax (GST) hikes to fund social spending and infrastructure development, with the GST expected to be raised gradually to 9% in 2024. In 2019, his government introduced the controversial Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act (POFMA) to combat online misinformation. In foreign policy, Lee's government's policy has been to stay neutral in an era of great power competition between China and the United States. Lee's government has had complex and fraught relations with its closest neighbour Malaysia, although the countries have agreed to work on cross-border projects. In 2022, his government strongly opposed Russia's invasion of Ukraine as a matter of the country's principle that if "a world order where might is right or the strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must would be profoundly inimical to the security and survival of small states", and ordered the government to sanction Russia, being the first and only Southeast Asian nation to do so.

Lee is frequently noted by the international media as the world's highest paid state leader. His libel suits against journalists and political opponents have been frequently covered by international news outlets.

  1. ^ Jayakumar 2021, p. 712.
  2. ^ "PMO |Mr LEE Hsien Loong". 4 September 2020.

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