List of countries by sovereign wealth funds

A sovereign wealth fund (SWF) is a fund owned by a state (or a political subdivision of a federal state) composed of financial assets such as stocks, bonds, property or other financial instruments. Sovereign wealth funds are entities that manage the national savings for the purposes of investment. The accumulated funds may have their origin in, or may represent, foreign currency deposits, gold, special drawing rights (SDRs) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) reserve position held by central banks and monetary authorities, along with other national assets such as pension investments, oil funds, or other industrial and financial holdings. These are assets of the sovereign nations which are typically held in domestic and different reserve currencies such as the dollar, euro and yen. The names attributed to the management entities may include central banks, official investment companies, state pension funds, sovereign oil funds, among others.

Some countries may have more than one SWF. Also, while the United States does not have a federal sovereign wealth fund, several of its constituent states have their own SWFs, and one state, Texas, has two.

Rank Country Funds Assets
USD billion
Origin
1  China[1][2][3][4][5][6] SAFE / CADF / CIC / HKMA IP / NSSF 2,244.4 Non-commodity
2  Norway[7] GPF 1,388.2 Oil & Gas
3  United Arab Emirates ADIA / EIA /MIC /Dubai Inc. /Sharjah Assets Management / Ras Al Khaimah Investment Authority / Ajman Holding / Fujairah Holding 1,363.0 Oil & Gas
4  Saudi Arabia[8][9] PIF 1,000 Oil & Gas
5  Kuwait[10] KIA, GIC, Wafra 712 Oil & Gas
6  Singapore GIC / TH 703 Non-commodity
7  Qatar QIA 445 Oil & Gas
8  Australia FF / WAFF / QIC / VFMC / TCorp 297 Non-commodity
9  United States APFC / NMSIC / PWMTF / SIFTO / IEFIB / PSF / PUF / ATF / NDLF / LEQTF / CSF / WVFF 240 Oil & Gas / Non-commodity /
Minerals / Public Lands
10  Russia NWF / RDIF 191 Oil & Gas / Non-commodity
11  South Korea[11] KIC 157.3 Non-commodity
12  Kazakhstan Samruk-Kazyna/ KNF / NIC 133 Oil & Gas
13  Iran[12] NDFI 91 Oil & Gas
14  Libya[13] LIA 66 Oil & Gas
15  Brunei[14] BIA 60 Oil & Gas
16  Azerbaijan[15] SOFAZ 42.4 Oil & Gas
17  Malaysia KN / Malaysian Investment Development Authority/ Permodalan Nasional Berhad/Johor Corporation 37 Non-commodity
18  Turkey Turkey Wealth Fund 34 Non-commodity
19  France Bpifrance/Caisse des dépôts et consignations 33 Non-commodity
20  Austria Österreichische Beteiligungs AG 32 Non-commodity
21  New Zealand NZSF 27 Non-commodity
22  Chile ESSF / PRF 21 Copper
23  Bahrain[16] BMHC 18.6 Oil & Gas
24  East Timor TLPF 18 Oil & Gas
25  Oman[17] OIA 14.3 Oil & Gas
26  India NIIF, TIDCO 12.4 Non-commodity
27  Ireland ISIF 12 Non-commodity
28  Colombia FAEP / FLAR 12 Oil & Gas
29  Mexico Fondo Mexicano del Petroleo para la Estabilizacion y el Desarrollo 7 Oil & Gas
30  Trinidad and Tobago The Heritage and Stabilization Fund 6 Oil & Gas
31  Indonesia INA 5.3 Non-commodity
32  Peru FEF 5 Non-commodity
33  Angola FSDEA 5 Oil & Gas
34  Botswana[18] Pula Fund 4.9 Diamonds
35  Mongolia FHF / FSF 4 Minerals
36  Nigeria NSIA / BDIC 2 Oil & Gas
37  Ghana GPF / GIIF 2 Oil & Gas
38  Panama FAP 1.4 Non-commodity
39  Vietnam SCIC 1.2 Non-commodity
40  Palestine PIF 1.0 Non-commodity
41  Gabon FGIS 1.0 Oil & Gas
41  Egypt[19][20] SFE 0.6 Non-commodity
43  Bolivia FINPRO 0.4 Non-commodity
44  Kiribati RERF 0.4 Phosphates
45  Senegal FONSIS 0.1 Non-commodity
46  Mauritania NFHR 0.1 Oil & Gas
47  Equatorial Guinea FRGF 0.1 Oil & Gas
48  Canada Alberta Investment Management Corporation/Alberta Heritage Savings Trust Fund/CPP Investment Board/Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec/Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan/OMERS Non-commodity
  1. ^ "Hong Kong Monetary Authority Investment Portfolio (HKMA IP) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Hong Kong - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  2. ^ "Hong Kong Future Fund (Hong Kong Future Fund) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Hong Kong - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  3. ^ "China Investment Corporation (CIC) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, China - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  4. ^ "China-Africa Development Fund (CAD Fund) - Government Fund, China - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  5. ^ "National Council for Social Security Fund (NSSF) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, China - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  6. ^ "SAFE Investment Company (SAFE) - Government, China - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  7. ^ "Norway Government Pension Fund Global (Norway GPFG) - Sovereign Wealth Funds, Norway - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2022-06-12.
  8. ^ "Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority (SAMA) - Central Bank, Saudi Arabia - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  9. ^ "Public Investment Fund (PIF) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Saudi Arabia - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  10. ^ "Kuwait Investment Authority (KIA) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Kuwait - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Archived from the original on 8 October 2020. Retrieved 2020-10-14.
  11. ^ "Korea Investment Corporation (KIC) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, South Korea - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  12. ^ "National Development Fund of Iran (NDFI) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Iran - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  13. ^ "Libyan Investment Authority (LIA) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Libya - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  14. ^ "Brunei Investment Agency (BIA) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Brunei - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  15. ^ "State Oil Fund of Azerbaijan (SOFAZ) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Azerbaijan - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  16. ^ "Mumtalakat Holding (Mumtalakat) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Bahrain - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  17. ^ Castelier, Sebastian (2020-05-01). "Oman's sovereign wealth fund under pressure". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  18. ^ "Pula Fund (Pula Fund) - Sovereign Wealth Fund, Botswana - SWFI". www.swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  19. ^ "Egypt's TSFE attracts $3.3 billion in investments from Arab sovereign funds in 2022". Ahram. 24 August 2022. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  20. ^ "Egypt targets adding LE50-60B of exploited assets at disposal of Sovereign Fund". Egypt today. 8 June 2020. Retrieved 6 September 2022.

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