Mato Grosso

Mato Grosso
Estado de Mato Grosso
State of Mato Grosso
Flag of Mato Grosso
Coat of arms of Mato Grosso
Motto(s): 
Virtute Plusquam Auro
("By virtue more than by gold")
Anthem: "Hino de Mato Grosso"
Location of Mato Grosso (in red) in Brazil
Location of Mato Grosso (in red) in Brazil
Coordinates: 15°34′00″S 56°04′30″W / 15.56667°S 56.07500°W / -15.56667; -56.07500Coordinates: 15°34′00″S 56°04′30″W / 15.56667°S 56.07500°W / -15.56667; -56.07500
Country Brazil
Capital and largest cityCuiabá
Government
 • GovernorMauro Mendes (UNIÃO)
 • Vice GovernorOtaviano Pivetta (Ind.)
 • SenatorsCarlos Fávaro (PSD)
Jayme Campos (UNIÃO)
Wellington Fagundes (PL)
Area
 • Total903,357 km2 (348,788 sq mi)
 • Rank3rd
Highest elevation902 m (2,959 ft)
Population
 (2007)[1]
 • Total3,035,122
 • Estimate 
(2019)
3,484,466
 • Rank17th
 • Density3.4/km2 (8.7/sq mi)
  • Rank25th
DemonymMato-grossense
GDP
 • Year2014 estimate
 • TotalR$ 101.235 billion (14th)
 • Per capitaR$ 31,396,81 (8th)
HDI
 • Year2017
 • Category0.774[2]high (7th)
Time zoneUTC-4 (BRT-1)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (BRT-1)
Postal Code
78000-000 to 78890-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-MT
Websitemt.gov.br
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Mato Grosso (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈmatu ˈɡɾosu] (listen) – lit. "Thick Bush") is one of the states of Brazil, the third largest by area, located in the Central-West region.[3] The state has 1.66% of the Brazilian population and is responsible for 1.9% of the Brazilian GDP.

Neighboring states (from west clockwise) are: Rondônia, Amazonas, Pará, Tocantins, Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul. The state is roughly 82.2% of the size of its southwest neighbor, the nation of Bolivia. A state with a flat landscape that alternates between vast chapadas and plain areas, Mato Grosso contains three main ecosystems: the Cerrado, the Pantanal and the Amazon rainforest. Open pasture vegetation covers 40% of the state.

The Chapada dos Guimarães National Park, with caves, grottoes, tracks, and waterfalls, is one of its tourist attractions. In the north is the biodiverse Amazonian forest, which originally covered half of the state. Much of this has been disrupted and cleared for logging, agricultural purposes and pastures. The Xingu Indigenous Park and the Araguaia River are in Mato Grosso. Farther south, the Pantanal, the world's largest wetland, is the habitat for nearly one thousand species of animals and many aquatic birds.

  1. ^ "Projeção da população do Brasil e das Unidades da Federação" [Projected population of Brazil and the Federal States] (in Portuguese). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. 1 March 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 September 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017" (PDF) (in Portuguese). PNUD Brasil. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 July 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  3. ^ Note: also once spelled "Matto Grosso". The town of Matto Grosso was formerly called Villa Bella." Source: Exploration of the Valley of the Amazon, vol.2, by Lieut. USN. Lardner Gibbon 1853; chapter 11. p. 275

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