Mato Grosso do Sul

Mato Grosso do Sul
Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul
State of Mato Grosso do Sul
Flag of Mato Grosso do Sul
Coat of arms of Mato Grosso do Sul
Anthem: Hino de Mato Grosso do Sul
Location of State of Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil
Location of State of Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil
Country Brazil
FoundedOctober 11, 1977
Capital and Largest CityCampo Grande
Government
 • GovernorReinaldo Azambuja (PSDB)
 • Vice GovernorMurilo Zauith (UNIÃO)
 • SenatorsNelsinho Trad (PSD)
Simone Tebet (MDB)
Soraya Thronicke (UNIÃO)
Area
 • Total357,124.962 km2 (137,886.719 sq mi)
 • Rank6th
Population
 (2007)[1]
 • Total2,449,024
 • Estimate 
(2019)
2,778,986
 • Rank21st
 • Density6.9/km2 (18/sq mi)
  • Rank20th
DemonymSul-mato-grossense or Mato-grossense-do-sul
GDP
 • Year2010 estimate
 • TotalR$ 38.484,74 (17th)
 • Per capitaR$ 10,599 (11th)
HDI
 • Year2017
 • Category0.766[2]high (10th)
Time zoneUTC-4 (BRT-1)
Postal Code
79000-000 to 79990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-MS
Websitems.gov.br

Mato Grosso do Sul (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈmatu ˈɡɾosu du ˈsuw] (listen)[3]) is one of the Midwestern states of Brazil. Neighboring Brazilian states are (from north clockwise) Mato Grosso, Goiás, Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Paraná. It also borders the countries of Paraguay, to the southwest, and Bolivia, to the west. The economy of the state is largely based on agriculture and cattle-raising. Crossed in the south by the Tropic of Capricorn, Mato Grosso do Sul generally has a warm, sometimes hot, and humid climate, and is crossed by numerous tributaries of the Paraná River. The state has 1.3% of the Brazilian population and is responsible for 1.5% of the Brazilian GDP.

The state is also known for its natural environment, and is a destination for domestic and international tourism. The Pantanal lowlands cover 12 municipalities and presents a variety of flora and fauna, with forests, natural sand banks, savannahs, open pasture, fields and bushes. The city Bonito, in the mountain of Bodoquena, has prehistoric caves, natural rivers, waterfalls, swimming pools and the Blue Lake cave.

The name Mato Grosso do Sul is Portuguese for "Southern Thick Bush"; the name is inherited from its northern neighbour state of Mato Grosso, of which it was part until the 1970s. It is not uncommon for people to mistakenly refer to Mato Grosso do Sul as simply "Mato Grosso". Other names that were proposed, at the time of the split and afterwards, include "Pantanal" (a reference to its best known geographical feature) and "Maracaju" (a reference to the Maracaju Mountain Range that crosses the state from north to south).

  1. ^ "IBGE". Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017" (PDF) (in Portuguese). PNUD Brasil. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  3. ^ In Brazilian Portuguese. The European Portuguese pronunciation is [ˈmatu ˈɣɾosu ðu ˈsuɫ].

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