Original author(s)Magnus Manske, Lee Daniel Crocker
Developer(s)Wikimedia Foundation
Initial releaseJanuary 25, 2002 (2002-01-25)
Stable release
1.39.2[1] Edit this on Wikidata / 22 February 2023 (22 February 2023)
Written inPHP[2]
Operating systemWindows, macOS, Linux, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, Solaris
Size53.23 MiB (compressed)
Available in459[3] languages
TypeWiki software
LicenseGPLv2+[4] Edit this at Wikidata

MediaWiki is a free and open-source wiki software. It is used on Wikipedia and almost all other Wikimedia websites, including Wiktionary, Wikimedia Commons and Wikidata; these sites define a large part of the requirement set for MediaWiki.[5] It was developed for use on Wikipedia in 2002, and given the name "MediaWiki" in 2003.[6] MediaWiki was originally developed by Magnus Manske and improved by Lee Daniel Crocker.[7][8] Its development has since then been coordinated by the Wikimedia Foundation.

MediaWiki is written in the PHP programming language and stores all text content into a database. The software is optimized to efficiently handle large projects, which can have terabytes of content and hundreds of thousands of views per second.[5][9] Because Wikipedia is one of the world's largest websites, achieving scalability through multiple layers of caching and database replication has been a major concern for developers. Another major aspect of MediaWiki is its internationalization; its interface is available in more than 300 languages.[10] The software has more than 1,000 configuration settings[11] and more than 1,800 extensions available for enabling various features to be added or changed.[12]

Besides its use on Wikimedia sites, MediaWiki has been used as a knowledge management and content management system on websites such as Fandom, wikiHow, and major internal installations like Intellipedia and Diplopedia.

  1. ^ "Maintenance release: MediaWiki 1.39.2". February 22, 2023. Retrieved February 22, 2023.
  2. ^ Reed, Sam (December 19, 2019). "Announcing MediaWiki 1.34.0". mediawiki-announce (Mailing list). Archived from the original on December 19, 2019. Retrieved December 19, 2019.
  3. ^ "Names.php · mediawiki". April 8, 2021. Archived from the original on July 15, 2021. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  4. ^ "Copyright". Archived from the original on September 19, 2015. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
  5. ^ a b "What is MediaWiki?". January 9, 2021. Archived from the original on July 22, 2018. Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference MediaWiki_history was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ Magnus Manske's announcement of "PHP Wikipedia", wikipedia-l, August 24, 2001
  8. ^ Barrett, Daniel J. (October 2008). MediaWiki. O'Reilly Media. ISBN 978-0-596-51979-7. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
  9. ^ Česky. "Wikipedia:Statistics – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". Wikipedia. Archived from the original on August 28, 2021. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
  10. ^ Cite error: The named reference translation statistics was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  11. ^ "Category:MediaWiki configuration settings". MediaWiki. September 11, 2016. Archived from the original on November 10, 2014. Retrieved September 11, 2016.
  12. ^ "Extension Matrix". MediaWiki. Archived from the original on September 11, 2016. Retrieved September 6, 2017.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia · View on Wikipedia

Developed by Nelliwinne