Minas Gerais

Minas Gerais
Estado de Minas Gerais
State of Minas Gerais
Flag of Minas Gerais
Coat of arms of Minas Gerais
Motto(s): 
Libertas quæ sera tamen (Latin)
"Freedom albeit late"
Anthem: Hino de Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais in Brazil.svg
Coordinates: 19°49′S 43°57′W / 19.817°S 43.950°W / -19.817; -43.950Coordinates: 19°49′S 43°57′W / 19.817°S 43.950°W / -19.817; -43.950
Country Brazil
Capital and largest city Belo Horizonte
Government
 • GovernorRomeu Zema (NOVO)
 • Vice GovernorPaulo Brant (PSDB)
 • SenatorsAlexandre Silveira (PSD)
Carlos Viana (MDB)
Rodrigo Pacheco (PSD)
Area
 • Total586,528.29 km2 (226,459.84 sq mi)
 • Rank4th
Population
 • Estimate 
(2021)
21,411,923
 • Rank2nd
 • Density33.41/km2 (86.5/sq mi)
  • Rank14th
DemonymMineiro
GDP
 • Year2015 estimate
 • TotalUS$280 billion (PPP) US$157.374 billion (nominal) (3rd)
 • Per capitaUS$13,267 (PPP) US$7,458 (nominal) (11th)
HDI
 • Year2017
 • Category0.787[2]high (6th)
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)
Postal Code
30000-000 to 39990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-MG
Websitemg.gov.br

Minas Gerais ([ˈminɐz ʒeˈɾajs] (listen))[a] is a state in Southeastern Brazil. It ranks as the second most populous, the third by gross domestic product (GDP), and the fourth largest by area in the country. The state's capital and largest city, Belo Horizonte, is a major urban and finance center in Latin America, and the sixth largest municipality in Brazil, after the cities of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Brasília and Fortaleza, but its metropolitan area is the third largest in Brazil with just over 5.8 million inhabitants, after those of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.[3] Nine Brazilian presidents were born in Minas Gerais, the most of any state.[4] The state has 10.1% of the Brazilian population and is responsible for 8.7% of the Brazilian GDP.

With an area of 586,528 square kilometres (226,460 sq mi)—larger than Metropolitan France—it is the fourth most extensive state in Brazil. The main producer of coffee and milk in the country, Minas Gerais is known for its heritage of architecture and colonial art in historical cities such as São João del-Rei, Congonhas, Ouro Preto, Diamantina, Tiradentes, Mariana, Sabará and Serro. In the south, the tourist points are the hydro-mineral spas, such as Caxambu, Lambari, São Lourenço, Poços de Caldas, São Thomé das Letras, Monte Verde (a district of the municipality of Camanducaia) and the national parks of Caparaó and Canastra. The landscape of the state is marked by mountains,[5] valleys, and large areas of fertile lands. In the Serra do Cipó, Sete Lagoas, Cordisburgo and Lagoa Santa, the caves and waterfalls are the attractions. Some of Brazil's most famous caves are located there.

  1. ^ "Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística". IBGE. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
  2. ^ "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017" (PDF) (in Portuguese). PNUD Brasil. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 July 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Sala de imprensa | notícias | IBGE divulga as estimativas populacionais dos municípios em 2012". IBGE. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
  4. ^ Gabriel Maia; Gabriel Zanlorenssi; Rodolfo Almeida (28 February 2018). "Os presidentes do Brasil: mandato, formação, cidade e idade". Nexo Jornal. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  5. ^ "Existem Montanhas Em Minas Gerais" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Federal University of Viçosa.


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