Plastic surgery

Plastic surgeon
Engraving from De Curtorum Chirurgia per Insitionem "(On the Surgery of Mutilation by Grafting)" (1597) by Gaspare Tagliacozzi
  • Physician
  • Surgeon
Occupation type
Activity sectors
Medicine, surgery
Education required
Fields of
Hospitals, clinics

Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty involving the restoration, reconstruction or alteration of the human body. It can be divided into two main categories: reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery. Reconstructive surgery includes craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns. While reconstructive surgery aims to reconstruct a part of the body or improve its functioning, cosmetic (or aesthetic) surgery aims to improve the appearance of it.[1][2] A comprehensive definition of plastic surgery has never been established, because it has no distinct anatomical object and thus overlaps with practically all other surgical specialties.[3][4] An essential feature of plastic surgery is that it involves the treatment of conditions that require or may require tissue relocation skills.[3][4]

  1. ^ "What is Cosmetic Surgery". Royal College of Surgeons. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
  2. ^ "Plastic Surgery Specialty Description". American Medical Association. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  3. ^ a b MacIonis, Valdas (2017). "Definition of plastic surgery: A historical perspective". J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 70 (1): 132–133. doi:10.1016/j.bjps.2016.09.006. PMID 27693269.
  4. ^ a b MacIonis, V. (2023). "What is plastic surgery? A continuous question". Plast Surg (Oakv). 31 (4): 413–414. doi:10.1177/22925503221078688. PMC 10617454. PMID 37915341.

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