Prosody (linguistics)

In linguistics, prosody (/ˈprɒsədi, ˈprɒzədi/)[1][2] is the study of elements of speech that are not individual phonetic segments (vowels and consonants) but which are properties of syllables and larger units of speech, including linguistic functions such as intonation, stress, and rhythm. Such elements are known as suprasegmentals.[3]

Prosody may reflect features of the speaker or the utterance: their emotional state; the form of utterance (statement, question, or command); the presence of irony or sarcasm; emphasis, contrast, and focus. It may reflect elements of language not encoded by grammar, punctuation or choice of vocabulary.

  1. ^ Jones, Daniel (2011). Roach, Peter; Setter, Jane; Esling, John (eds.). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-15255-6.
  2. ^ "prosody". Dictionary. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  3. ^ "prosody | literature". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-06-28.

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