Rhodes Scholarship

Rhodes Scholarship
Rhodes House Oxford 20040909.jpg
Awarded forpost graduate study at the University of Oxford
Sponsored byRhodes Trust
LocationOxford, England
Established1902
Websitewww.rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk

The Rhodes Scholarship is an international postgraduate award for students to study at the University of Oxford. Established in 1902, it is the oldest graduate scholarship in the world. It is considered among the world's most prestigious international scholarship programs.[1][2][3][4] Its founder, Cecil John Rhodes, wanted to promote unity among English-speaking nations and instill a sense of civic-minded leadership and moral fortitude in future leaders, irrespective of their chosen career paths.[5] Initially restricted to male applicants from countries that are today within the Commonwealth, Germany and the United States, the scholarship is now open to applicants from all backgrounds and genders around the world.[6] Since its creation, controversy has surrounded its initial exclusion of women, its historical failure to select black Africans, and Cecil Rhodes's own standing as a British imperialist.

Rhodes Scholars have achieved distinction as politicians, academics, scientists and doctors, authors, entrepreneurs, and Nobel Prize winners. Many scholars have become heads of state or heads of government, including President of the United States Bill Clinton, President of Pakistan Wasim Sajjad, Prime Minister of Jamaica Norman Manley, Prime Minister of Malta Dom Mintoff, and Prime Ministers of Australia Tony Abbott, Bob Hawke, and Malcolm Turnbull.[7] Other notable Rhodes Scholars include Nobel Prize-winning scientist and discoverer of penicillin Howard Florey, Justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa Edwin Cameron, Nobel Prize-winning economist Michael Spence, Australian High Court Justice James Edelman, journalist and American television host Rachel Maddow, author Naomi Wolf, musician Kris Kristofferson, U.S. Secretary of Transportation Pete Buttigieg and Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Ronan Farrow.[8]

  1. ^ Richard, Adams (18 February 2018). "Rhodes scholarships opened up to students from UK and rest of world". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  2. ^ Pérez-Peña, Richard (19 February 2018). "Rhodes Scholarships Go Global as Students From Anywhere Now Qualify (Published 2018)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  3. ^ Winerip, Michael (12 January 2003). "How to Win a Rhodes". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  4. ^ Nietzel, Michael T (22 November 2020). "The 2021 Rhodes Scholars Have Been Selected; The 32 U.S. Winners Are Among The Most Diverse Ever". Forbes. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  5. ^ Cecil Rhodes & William Thomas Stead (1902). The last will and testament of Cecil John Rhodes: with elucidatory notes to which are added some chapters describing the political and religious ideas of the testator. "Review of Reviews" Office.
  6. ^ Rhodes, R. A. W. (24 August 2017). "From Prime Ministerial Power to Core Executive". Oxford Scholarship Online. 1. doi:10.1093/oso/9780198786108.003.0009.
  7. ^ Maltese Biographies of The Twentieth Century, Michael J. Schiavone, Louis J. Scerri, Malta 1997, page 412
  8. ^ "Editorial introduction". Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine. 17 (3): vii–viii. May 2011. doi:10.1097/MCP.0b013e32834619c2. ISSN 1070-5287.

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