San Francisco

San Francisco, California
City and County of San Francisco
San Francisco from the Marin Headlands
San Francisco from the Marin Headlands
Nicknames: 
Motto(s): 
Oro en Paz, Fierro en Guerra (Spanish)
(English: "Gold in Peace, Iron in War")
Anthem: I Left My Heart in San Francisco[2]
Interactive map outlining San Francisco
San Francisco is located in California
San Francisco
San Francisco
Location within California
San Francisco is located in the United States
San Francisco
San Francisco
Location within the United States
San Francisco is located in North America
San Francisco
San Francisco
Location within North America
San Francisco is located in Earth
San Francisco
San Francisco
San Francisco (Earth)
Coordinates: 37°46′39″N 122°24′59″W / 37.77750°N 122.41639°W / 37.77750; -122.41639Coordinates: 37°46′39″N 122°24′59″W / 37.77750°N 122.41639°W / 37.77750; -122.41639
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountySan Francisco
CSASan Jose–San Francisco–Oakland
MetroSan Francisco–Oakland–Hayward
MissionJune 29, 1776[3]
IncorporatedApril 15, 1850[4]
Founded byJosé Joaquín Moraga
Francisco Palóu
Named forSt. Francis of Assisi
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • BodyBoard of Supervisors
 • MayorLondon Breed (D)[5]
 • Supervisors[7]
 • Assembly members[8][9]Matt Haney (D)
Phil Ting (D)
 • State senatorScott Wiener (D)[6]
 • United States Representatives[10][11]Nancy Pelosi (D)
Jackie Speier (D)
Area
 • City and county231.89 sq mi (600.59 km2)
 • Land46.9 sq mi (121.48 km2)
 • Water184.99 sq mi (479.11 km2)  80.00%
 • Metro
3,524.4 sq mi (9,128 km2)
Elevation52 ft (16 m)
Highest elevation934 ft (285 m)
Lowest elevation0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2021 estimate)[15]
 • City and county815,201
 • Rank17th in the United States
4th in California
 • Density18,634.65/sq mi (7,194.31/km2)
 • Metro4,749,008 (12th)
Demonym(s)San Franciscan
San Francisqueño/a[citation needed]
Time zoneUTC−08:00 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−07:00 (PDT)
ZIP Codes[17]
List
  • 94102–94105
  • 94107–94112
  • 94114–94134
  • 94137
  • 94139–94147
  • 94151
  • 94158–94161
  • 94163–94164
  • 94172
  • 94177
  • 94188
Area codes415/628[18]
FIPS code06-67000
GNIS feature IDs277593, 2411786
GDP (2019)[19]City—$203.5billion

MSA—$591.9 billion (4th)

CSA—$1.086 trillion (3rd)
Websitesf.gov

San Francisco (/ˌsæn frənˈsɪsk/; Spanish for "Saint Francis"), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the commercial, financial, and cultural center of Northern California. The city proper is the fourth most populous in California and 17th most populous in the United States, with 815,201 residents as of 2021.[20] It covers a land area of 46.9 square miles (121 square kilometers),[21] at the end of the San Francisco Peninsula, making it the second most densely populated large U.S. city after New York City, and the fifth most densely populated U.S. county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. Among the 331 U.S. cities proper with more than 100,000 residents, San Francisco was ranked first by per capita income (at $133,856[22]) and fifth by aggregate income as of 2019.[23] Colloquial nicknames for San Francisco include SF, San Fran, The City, Frisco, and Baghdad by the Bay.[24][25][26]

San Francisco and the surrounding San Francisco Bay Area are a global center of economic activity and the arts and sciences,[27][28] spurred by leading universities,[29] high-tech, healthcare, FIRE, and professional services sectors.[30] As of 2020, the metropolitan area, with 6.7 million residents, ranked 5th by GDP ($874 billion) and 2nd by GDP per capita ($131,082) across the OECD countries, ahead of global cities like Paris, London, and Singapore.[31][32][33] San Francisco anchors the 12th most populous metropolitan statistical area in the United States with 4.7 million residents, and the fourth-largest by economic output, with a GDP of $592 billion in 2019.[34] The wider San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area is the fifth most populous, with 9.6 million residents, and the third-largest by economic output, with a GDP of $0.5 trillion in 2020. Of the 105 primary statistical areas in the U.S. with over 500,000 residents, this CSA had the highest GDP per capita in 2019, at $112,910.[35] In the same year, San Francisco proper had a GDP of $200.5 billion, and a GDP per capita of $228,118.[36] San Francisco was ranked seventh in the world and third in the United States on the Global Financial Centres Index as of March 2022.[37]

As of June 2022, the Bay Area was home to four of the world's fifteen largest companies by market capitalization,[38] and the city proper is headquarters to companies such as Wells Fargo, Salesforce, Uber, First Republic Bank, Airbnb, Twitter, Block, Levi's, Gap Inc., Dropbox, PG&E, Lyft, and Cruise, although the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States has accelerated the exodus of business from downtown San Francisco.[39] The city is home to a number of educational and cultural institutions, such as the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), the University of San Francisco (USF), San Francisco State University (SFSU), the de Young Museum, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the San Francisco Symphony, the San Francisco Ballet, the San Francisco Opera, the SFJAZZ Center, the California Academy of Sciences, the San Francisco Giants, and the Golden State Warriors. A popular tourist destination,[40] San Francisco is known for its steep rolling hills and eclectic mix of architecture across varied neighborhoods, as well as its cool summers, fog, and landmarks, including the Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, Alcatraz, and Chinatown and Mission districts.

San Francisco was founded on June 29, 1776, when colonists from Spain established the Presidio of San Francisco at the Golden Gate and Mission San Francisco de Asís a few miles away, both named for Francis of Assisi.[3] The California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, transforming an unimportant hamlet into a busy port making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time; between 1870 and 1900, approximately one quarter of California's population resided in the city proper.[23] In 1856, San Francisco became a consolidated city-county.[41] After three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire,[42] it was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, it was a major port of embarkation for naval service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater.[43] It then became the birthplace of the United Nations in 1945.[44][45][46] After the war, the confluence of returning servicemen, significant immigration, liberalizing attitudes, the rise of the "beatnik" and "hippie" countercultures, the sexual revolution, the peace movement growing from opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War, and other factors led to the Summer of Love and the gay rights movement, cementing San Francisco as a center of liberal activism in the United States. More recently, statewide droughts in California have strained the city's water security.[47][48]

  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference TBI20130630 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ Museum of San Francisco, retrieved June 17, 2020.
  3. ^ a b Edward F. O'Day (October 1926). "The Founding of San Francisco". San Francisco Water. Spring Valley Water Authority. Archived from the original on July 27, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2009.
  4. ^ "San Francisco: Government". SFGov.org. Archived from the original on March 16, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012. San Francisco was incorporated as a City on April 15th, 1850 by act of the Legislature.
  5. ^ "Office of the Mayor : Home". City & County of San Francisco. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
  6. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved November 21, 2014.
  7. ^ "Board of Supervisors". City and County of San Francisco. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  8. ^ "Communities of Interest – City". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Archived from the original on October 23, 2015. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
  9. ^ "Members Assembly". California State Assembly. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
  10. ^ "Communities of Interest – City". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Archived from the original on September 30, 2013. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
  11. ^ "Directory of Representatives". U.S. House of Representatives.
  12. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  13. ^ "San Francisco". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
  14. ^ a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States". US Geological Survey. April 29, 2005. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
  15. ^ "QuickFacts: San Francisco city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2021.
  16. ^ "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
  17. ^ "ZIP Codes for City of San Francisco, CA". 2010 United States census. 2010. Archived from the original on October 30, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2021 – via Zip-Codes.com.
  18. ^ "NPA City Report". North American Numbering Plan Administration. Archived from the original on November 4, 2014. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  19. ^ "GDP by County, Metro, and Other Areas; U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)".
  20. ^ U.S. Census Bureau (January 1, 1970). "Resident Population in San Francisco County/city, CA". FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  21. ^ Cite error: The named reference Census 2010-GCT-PH1-density was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  22. ^ U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (January 1, 1969). "Per Capita Personal Income in San Francisco County/city, CA". FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  23. ^ a b "IPUMS NHGIS | National Historical Geographic Information System". www.nhgis.org. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  24. ^ Brinklow, Adam (January 26, 2018). "Is it ever okay to use "San Fran?"". Curbed. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
  25. ^ "The Best Nicknames For San Francisco". The Culture Trip. September 9, 2015. Archived from the original on August 12, 2019. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
  26. ^ Caen, Herb (July 17, 1960). "San Francisco, Baghdad-By-The-Bay, Has Lived Many Turbulent Lives In Its Slightly More Than 100 Years". Messenger-Inquirer. Owensboro, Kentucky. p. 16.
  27. ^ "Top 200 Science cities". Retrieved August 17, 2019.
  28. ^ "The Global Creative Economy Is Big Business". Retrieved August 17, 2019.
  29. ^ "2022 Best Global Universities Rankings".
  30. ^ "Regional Data: GDP and Personal Income". apps.bea.gov. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  31. ^ "Metropolitan areas". stats.oecd.org. Retrieved September 17, 2022.
  32. ^ U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (January 1, 1947). "Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: All Items in U.S. City Average". FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  33. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2022". IMF. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  34. ^ "Bureau of Economic Analysis". apps.bea.gov. Retrieved January 5, 2020.
  35. ^ "GDP by County, Metro, and Other Areas". Bea.gov. Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  36. ^ U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (January 1, 2001). "Gross Domestic Product: All Industries in San Francisco County, CA". FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  37. ^ "The Global Financial Centres Index 31". Longfinance.net. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  38. ^ "Companies ranked by Market Cap - CompaniesMarketCap.com". companiesmarketcap.com. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  39. ^ Cite error: The named reference SanFranExodus2 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  40. ^ "Top U.S. Destinations for International Visitors". The Hotel Price Index. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  41. ^ Coy, Owen Cochran (1919). Guide to the County Archives of California. Sacramento, California: California Historical Survey Commission. p. 409.
  42. ^ Cite error: The named reference Montagne was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  43. ^ Cite error: The named reference WWII was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  44. ^ "Charter of the United Nations | United Nations". Un.org. August 10, 2015. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
  45. ^ "History of the United Nations | United Nations". Un.org. August 21, 2015. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
  46. ^ "San Francisco – the birthplace of the United Nations". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
  47. ^ "San Francisco now included in statewide drought emergency proclamation". KTVU FOX 2. October 19, 2021. Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  48. ^ "Conditions for San Francisco, CA (San Francisco County)". National Integrated Drought Information System (NDIS). Archived from the original on January 16, 2022. Retrieved June 26, 2022.

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