Stamford Raffles

Stamford Raffles
Portrait by George Francis Joseph, c. 1817
Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen
In office
MonarchGeorge III
George IV
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Lieutenant-Governor of the Dutch East Indies
In office
Appointed byEarl of Minto
MonarchGeorge III
Preceded byRobert Rollo Gillespie
Succeeded byJohn Fendall Jr.
Personal details
Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles

(1781-07-05)5 July 1781
Onboard the ship Ann, off of the coast of Port Morant, Jamaica
Died5 July 1826(1826-07-05) (aged 45)
Highwood House, Highwood Hill, Middlesex, England
Cause of deathBrain Tumor
Resting placeSt Mary's Church, Hendon, London, England
(m. 1805; died 1814)
(m. 1817)
  • Benjamin Raffles (father)
  • Anne Raffles (mother)
EducationMansion House Boarding School
Known forFounding of modern Singapore

Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles FRS FRAS (5 July 1781 – 5 July 1826)[1][2] was a British statesman who served as the Lieutenant-Governor of the Dutch East Indies between 1811 and 1816, and Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen between 1818 and 1824. He is best known mainly for his founding of modern Singapore and the Straits Settlements.

Raffles was heavily involved in the capture of the Indonesian island of Java from the Dutch during the Napoleonic Wars. The running of day-to-day operations on Singapore was mostly done by William Farquhar,[3] but Raffles was the one who got all the credit. He also wrote The History of Java (1817).[4]

  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference Bastin was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference SophiaRaffles was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ "William Farquhar, not Raffles, is true founder of S'pore: UK magazine book review". Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  4. ^ Raffles, Thomas Stamford (1 September 2015). The History of Java, v. 1-2.

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