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|Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen|
|Preceded by||Office established|
|Succeeded by||Office abolished|
|Lieutenant-Governor of the Dutch East Indies|
|Appointed by||Earl of Minto|
|Preceded by||Robert Rollo Gillespie|
|Succeeded by||John Fendall Jr.|
Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles
5 July 1781
Onboard the ship Ann, off of the coast of Port Morant, Jamaica
|Died||5 July 1826 (aged 45)|
Highwood House, Highwood Hill, Middlesex, England
|Cause of death||Brain Tumor|
|Resting place||St Mary's Church, Hendon, London, England|
|Education||Mansion House Boarding School|
|Known for||Founding of modern Singapore|
Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles  was a British statesman who served as the Lieutenant-Governor of the Dutch East Indies between 1811 and 1816, and Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen between 1818 and 1824. He is best known mainly for his founding of modern Singapore and the Straits Settlements.(5 July 1781 – 5 July 1826)
Raffles was heavily involved in the capture of the Indonesian island of Java from the Dutch during the Napoleonic Wars. The running of day-to-day operations on Singapore was mostly done by William Farquhar, but Raffles was the one who got all the credit. He also wrote The History of Java (1817).
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