Strait of Malacca

Strait of Malacca
Strait of malacca.jpg
The Strait of Malacca connects the Pacific Ocean to the east with the Indian Ocean to the west
LocationAndaman Sea-Strait of Singapore
Coordinates4°N 100°E / 4°N 100°E / 4; 100 (Strait of Malacca)Coordinates: 4°N 100°E / 4°N 100°E / 4; 100 (Strait of Malacca)
TypeStrait
Native name
  • Selat Melaka  (Malay)
  • سلت ملاک  (Malay)
  • Selat Malaka  (Indonesian)
  • ช่องแคบมะละกา  (Thai)
  • மலாக்கா நீரிணை  (Tamil)
  • Malākkā nīriṇai  (Tamil)
  • मलक्का जलडमरूमध्य  (Hindi)
  • 馬六甲海峽/马六甲海峡  (Chinese)
EtymologyMalacca Sultanate (present day state of Melaka, Malaysia)
Basin countries
Max. length930 km (580 mi)
Min. width38 km (24 mi)
Average depth25 metres (82 ft) (minimum)[1]
Settlements

The Strait of Malacca is a narrow stretch of water, 500 mi (800 km) long and from 40 to 155 mi (65–250 km) wide, between the Malay Peninsula (Peninsular Malaysia) to the northeast and the Indonesian island of Sumatra to the southwest, connecting the Andaman Sea (Indian Ocean) and the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean).[2] As the main shipping channel between the Indian and Pacific oceans, it is one of the most important shipping lanes in the world. It is named after the Malacca Sultanate that ruled over the strait between 1400 and 1511, the center of administration of which was located in the modern-day state of Malacca, Malaysia.

  1. ^ Malaccamax. As the name suggests, Malaccamax ships are the largest ships that can pass through the Strait of Malacca which is 25 m (82 ft) deep at its shallowest. As per the current permissible limits, a Malaccamax vessel can have a maximum length of 400 m (1,312 ft), beam of 59 m (193.6 ft), and draught of 14.5 m (47.6 ft). Comparison of Tanker sizes
  2. ^ Winn, Patrick (27 March 2014). "Strait of Malacca Is World's New Piracy Hotspot". NBC News. Archived from the original on 15 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017.

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