Straits Settlements

Straits Settlements
Flag of the British Straits Settlements (1925–1946).svg
Coat of arms of Straits Settlements
Coat of arms
Anthem: "God Save the King"
(1826–1837; 1901–1942; 1945–1946)
"God Save the Queen" (1837–1901)
British Malaya circa 1922.PNG
Malaya in 1922:
  Unfederated Malay States
  Federated Malay States
  Straits Settlements
StatusBritish colony
CapitalGeorge Town
Official languagesEnglish
Common languages
GovernmentCrown colony
• 1826–1830
Robert Fullerton (first)
• 1934–1946
Shenton Thomas (last)
Historical eraBritish Empire
17 March 1824
• Established under East India Co. rule
• Converted to Crown colony

1 April 1867
• Labuan incorporated
1 January 1907
15 February 1942
• Formal surrender by Japan to British Military Administration
12 September 1945
1 April 1946
15 July 1946
Preceded by
Succeeded by
History of Penang#Early days
Founding of modern Singapore
Dutch Malacca
Johor Sultanate
Malayan Union
Colony of Singapore
Colony of Malacca
Colony of Penang
Bengal Presidency
Today part of

The Straits Settlements were a group of British territories located in Southeast Asia. Originally established in 1826 as part of the territories controlled by the British East India Company, the Straits Settlements came under British Raj control in 1858 and then under direct British control as a Crown colony on 1 April 1867. In 1946, following the end of the Second World War and the Japanese occupation, the colony was dissolved as part of Britain's reorganisation of its Southeast Asian dependencies in the area.

The Straits Settlements originally consisted of the four individual settlements of Penang, Singapore, Malacca, and Dinding. Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands were added in 1886. The island of Labuan, off the coast of Borneo, was also incorporated into the colony with effect from 1 January 1907, becoming a separate settlement within it in 1912. Most of the territories now form part of Malaysia, from which Singapore separated in 1965. The Cocos (or Keeling) Islands were transferred to Australian control in 1955. Christmas Island was transferred in 1958. Their administration was combined in 1996 to form the Australian Indian Ocean Territories.

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