United States Department of State

United States Department of State
U.S. Department of State official seal.svg
Seal of the Department of State
Flag of the United States Department of State.svg
Flag of the Department of State
United States Department of State headquarters.jpg
Agency overview
FormedJuly 27, 1789 (1789-07-27)
Preceding agency
  • Department of Foreign Affairs
TypeExecutive department
JurisdictionU.S. federal government
HeadquartersHarry S Truman Building
2201 C Street
Northwest, Washington, D.C., U.S.
38°53′39″N 77°2′54″W / 38.89417°N 77.04833°W / 38.89417; -77.04833
Employees13,747 Foreign Service employees
10,518 Civil Service employees
50,424 local employees[1]
Annual budget$52.505 billion (FY 2020)[2]
Agency executives

The United States Department of State (DOS),[3] or State Department,[4] is an executive department of the U.S. federal government responsible for the country's foreign policy and relations. Equivalent to the ministry of foreign affairs of other nations, its primary duties are advising the U.S. president on international relations, administering diplomatic missions, negotiating international treaties and agreements, and representing the U.S. at the United Nations.[5] The department is headquartered in the Harry S Truman Building, a few blocks from the White House, in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood of Washington, D.C.; "Foggy Bottom" is thus sometimes used as a metonym.

Established in 1789 as the first administrative arm of the U.S. executive branch, the State Department is considered among the most powerful and prestigious executive agencies.[6] It is headed by the secretary of state, who reports directly to the U.S. president and is a member of the Cabinet. Analogous to a foreign minister, the secretary of state serves as the federal government's chief diplomat and representative abroad, and is the first Cabinet official in the order of precedence and in the presidential line of succession. The position is currently held by Antony Blinken, who was appointed by President Joe Biden and confirmed by the Senate on January 26, 2021, by a vote of 78–22.[7]

As of 2019, the State Department maintains 273 diplomatic posts worldwide, second only to China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs.[8] It also manages the U.S. Foreign Service, provides diplomatic training to U.S. officials and military personnel, exercises partial jurisdiction over immigration, and provides various services to Americans, such as issuing passports and visas, posting foreign travel advisories, and advancing commercial ties abroad. The department administers the oldest U.S. civilian intelligence agency, the Bureau of Intelligence and Research, and maintains a law enforcement arm, the Diplomatic Security Service.

  1. ^ "GTM Fact Sheet" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. September 30, 2020. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
  2. ^ Department of State. "Congressional Budget Justification: Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs" (PDF). state.gov. US government. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  3. ^ Department Of State. The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs (June 18, 2004). "Glossary of Acronyms". 2001-2009.state.gov.
  4. ^ "U.S. Department of State". United States Department of State. Retrieved November 26, 2020.
  5. ^ "A New Framework for Foreign Affairs". A Short History of the Department of State. U.S. Department of State. March 14, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  6. ^ "Cabinets and Counselors: The President and the Executive Branch" (1997). Congressional Quarterly. p. 87.
  7. ^ Toosi, Nahal (January 26, 2021). "Blinken confirmed as secretary of State". Politico. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  8. ^ Meredith, Sam (November 27, 2019). "China has overtaken the US to have the world's largest diplomatic network, think tank says". CNBC. Retrieved November 26, 2020.

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