University of Michigan

University of Michigan
Seal of the University of Michigan.svg
Latin: Universitas Michigania
Former names
Catholepistemiad, or University of Michigania (1817–1821)
MottoLatin: Artes, Scientia, Veritas
Motto in English
"Arts, Knowledge, Truth"
TypePublic research university
EstablishedAugust 26, 1817 (1817-08-26)[1]
Academic affiliations
Endowment$17 billion (2021)[2]
Budget$10.3 billion (2021)[3]
PresidentSanta Ono
ProvostLaurie McCauley
Academic staff
6,771 (2014)[4]
Administrative staff
18,986 (2014)[5]
Students48,090 (2021)[6]
Undergraduates31,329 (2021)[6]
Postgraduates16,578 (2021)[6]
Location, ,
United States

42°16′37″N 83°44′17″W / 42.27694°N 83.73806°W / 42.27694; -83.73806
CampusMidsize City,[7] 3,177 acres (12.86 km2)
Total: 20,965 acres (84.84 km2), including arboretum[8]
NewspaperThe Michigan Daily
ColorsMaize & Blue[9]
Sporting affiliations
University of Michigan logo.svg

The University of Michigan (U-M, UMich, or Michigan) is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Founded in 1817 by an act of the old Michigan Territory as the Catholepistemiad or the "School of Universal Knowledge," the university is the oldest in Michigan; it was established 20 years before the territory became a state. The institution was moved to Ann Arbor in 1837 onto 40 acres (16 ha) of what is now known as Central Campus, a U.S. historic district. The university has been governed by an elected board of regents independently of the state since 1850, when the state's second constitution was officially adopted.[10] The University of Michigan is ranked among the most prestigious universities in the United States and in the world.[11][12]

The university consists of nineteen colleges and offers degree programs at undergraduate, graduate and postdoctoral levels in some 250 disciplines. Michigan has nine professional schools: the Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Ross School of Business, Medical School, Law School, Ford School of Public Policy, College of Pharmacy, School of Social Work, School of Public Health, and School of Dentistry. It affiliates with two regional universities located in Flint and Dearborn (each separately accredited universities) and operates a center located in Detroit. Michigan is home to the country's oldest continuously existing legal organization, oldest international professional dental fraternity, oldest continuously running university hospital and longest-standing laboratory for interdisciplinary research in the social sciences. Michigan also has the largest stadium in the Western Hemisphere and the second largest research library in the country.

Michigan has been a coeducational institution since 1871. The university's enrollment is approximately 32,000 undergraduate students and 16,000 graduate students.[6] Undergraduate admission to the university is categorized as "most selective."[13] Nearly half of the students are from out of state. International students from some 130 countries account for 15 percent of the entire student body.[6]

Michigan is one of the earliest American research universities and a founding member of the Association of American Universities. As a major research center, it ranked 2nd among American universities in research expenditures and produces a large proportion of the country's publications and citations.[14][15] It has been consistently ranked among the top universities in the United States by college and university rankings.[16][17][18] In international comparison, the university occupies top positions in rankings and enjoys a distinguished academic reputation.[19] As of October 2019, 26 Nobel Prize laureates, six Turing Award laureates, two Abel Prize laureates, and two Fields Medalist[20] have been affiliated with the university. It is also a leading producer of Fulbright Scholars and MacArthur Fellows.[21]

The university's noted alumni include eight domestic and foreign heads of state or heads of government; 47 U.S. senators; 218 members of the U.S. House of Representatives; 42 U.S. Cabinet secretaries; 41 U.S. governors; and 26 living billionaires.[22] As of 2022, Wolverine athletes have won 188 medals at the Olympic Games.[23] Michigan produced 921 venture capital-backed company founders as alumni or current students from 2006 to 2021, and these founders had raised a total of $26.7B, ranked 7th globally among universities overall.[24]

  1. ^ "U-M's Foundings in Detroit and Ann Arbor: Key Dates". University of Michigan. Archived from the original on November 1, 2013. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  2. ^ As of October 25, 2021. Endowment shows strong returns amid financial-market growth (Report). University of Michigan. October 21, 2021. Archived from the original on October 25, 2021. Retrieved October 25, 2021.
  3. ^ "FY 2021–2022 U-M Budget" (PDF). Office of Budget and Planning.
  4. ^ "University of Michigan – Ann Arbor: Faculty Headcount by Rank, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity" (PDF). University of Michigan. November 11, 2014. p. 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 17, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
  5. ^ "University of Michigan – Ann Arbor: Staff Headcounts by Gender, Race/Ethnicity & Job Family" (PDF). University of Michigan. November 13, 2014. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 17, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d e "The Michigan Almanac" (PDF). U-M Office of Budget and Planning. U-M Office of Budget and Planning. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 8, 2021. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  7. ^ "College Navigator - University of Michigan-Ann Arbor". Archived from the original on November 7, 2021. Retrieved November 7, 2021.
  8. ^ "Environmental Stewardship at the University of Michigan" (PDF). University of Michigan Occupational Safety and Environmental Health. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 15, 2007. Retrieved April 29, 2007.
  9. ^ "Style Guide: Colors". Office of Global Communications, University of Michigan. July 7, 2015. Archived from the original on July 14, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  10. ^ "Meet The Regents". May 8, 2022. Archived from the original on May 3, 2022. Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  11. ^ "University of Michigan in United States - US News Best Global Universities". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on December 5, 2022. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  12. ^ "World Reputation Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). October 6, 2022. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  13. ^ "University of Michigan—Ann Arbor". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on October 13, 2021. Retrieved October 14, 2021.
  14. ^ Cite error: The named reference mup2019 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  15. ^ "2021 tables: Institutions - academic". Nature Index. Archived from the original on January 1, 2022. Retrieved December 31, 2021.
  16. ^ "Top Public Colleges & Universities". U.S. News & World Report. September 9, 2020. Archived from the original on November 2, 2017. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  17. ^ "Best public universities in the United States 2021". Times Higher Education (THE) (in Simplified Chinese). October 7, 2020. Archived from the original on November 11, 2020. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  18. ^ "2021 Top Public Universities in America". Niche. Archived from the original on January 18, 2021. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  19. ^ "World Reputation Rankings 2021". Times Higher Education. Retrieved November 22, 2021.
  20. ^ Cepelewicz, Jordana (July 5, 2022). "He Dropped Out to Become a Poet. Now He's Won a Fields Medal". Quanta Magazine. Retrieved July 13, 2022.
  21. ^ "Top Producers". Archived from the original on October 28, 2020. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
  22. ^ Kathleen Elkins (May 18, 2018). "More billionaires went to Harvard than to Stanford, MIT and Yale combined". CNBC. Archived from the original on May 22, 2018. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
  23. ^ "University of Michigan in the Olympics". University of Michigan Bentley Historical Library. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  24. ^ Jordan Rubio; James Thorne. "2021 PitchBook university rankings: Top 50 colleges for founders". Pitchbook. Archived from the original on April 29, 2022. Retrieved April 25, 2022.

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