Voiced uvular fricative

Voiced uvular fricative
IPA Number143
Audio sample
Entity (decimal)ʁ
Unicode (hex)U+0281
Braille⠔ (braille pattern dots-35)⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456)
Voiced uvular approximant
IPA Number144
Audio sample

The voiced uvular fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ʁ⟩, an inverted small uppercase letter ⟨ʀ⟩, or in broad transcriptionr⟩ if rhotic. This consonant is one of several collectively called guttural R when found in European languages.

The voiced uvular approximant is also found interchangeably with the fricative, and may also be transcribed as ⟨ʁ⟩. Because the IPA symbol stands for the uvular fricative, the approximant may be specified by adding the downtack: ⟨ʁ̞⟩, though some writings[1] use a superscript ⟨ʶ⟩, which is not an official IPA practice.

For a voiced pre-uvular fricative (also called post-velar), see voiced velar fricative.

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