Windows 11

Windows 11
Version of the Windows NT operating system
Windows 11 Logo
Screenshot showing the new Start menu and centered taskbar, with the Search box[1]
Written in
OS familyMicrosoft Windows
Source model
October 5, 2021 (2021-10-05)[8]
Latest release22H2 (10.0.22621.2361) (September 26, 2023 (2023-09-26)[9]) [±]
Latest preview
Release Preview Channel

23H2 (10.0.22631.2361) (September 26, 2023 (2023-09-26)[10][11]) [±]

Beta Channel

23H2 (10.0.22631.2338) (September 12, 2023 (2023-09-12)[12]) [±]

Dev Channel

10.0.23555.1000 (September 28, 2023 (2023-09-28)[13]) [±]

Canary Channel
10.0.25951.1010 (September 15, 2023 (2023-09-15)[14]) [±]
Marketing targetPersonal computing
Available in110 languages[15][16]
List of languages
Afrikaans, Albanian, Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Assamese, Azerbaijani, Bangla (Bangladesh), Bangla (India), Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Central Kurdish, Cherokee, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dari – Persian (Afghanistan), Dutch, German, Greek, English (United Kingdom), English (United States), Estonian, Finnish, Filipino, French (Canada), French (France), Galician, Georgian, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Igbo, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Kazakh, Khmer, K'iche', Kinyarwanda, Konkani, Korean, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Maori, Marathi, Mongolian, Nepali, Northern Sotho, Norwegian Bokmål, Norwegian Nynorsk, Odia, Persian (Iran), Punjabi (Gurmukhi), Punjabi (Shahmukhi), Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Quechua, Romanian, Russian, Scottish Gaelic, Serbian (Cyrillic, Bosnia & Herzegovina), Serbian (Cyrillic, Serbia), Serbian (Latin), Sindhi (Arabic), Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Latin American, Mexico, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Spain, Uruguay, Venezuela), Swahili, Swedish, Tajik, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Thai, Tigrinya, Tswana, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek, Valencian, Vietnamese, Welsh, Wolof, Xhosa, Yoruba, Zulu
Update method
Package manager.exe, APPX, appxbundle and APK-based
Platformsx86-64, ARMv8.1[17]
Kernel typeHybrid (Windows NT kernel)
UserlandNative API
Windows API
.NET Framework
Universal Windows Platform
Windows Subsystem for Android
Windows Subsystem for Linux
user interface
Windows shell (graphical)
Preceded byWindows 10 (2015)
Official Edit this at Wikidata
Support status
See § Versions for more details.

Windows 11 is the latest major release of Microsoft's Windows NT operating system, released on October 5, 2021. It was a free upgrade to its predecessor, Windows 10 (2015), and is available for any Windows 10 devices that meet the new Windows 11 system requirements, but can also be installed on unsupported devices by bypassing the restrictions of system requirements.[how?][citation needed]

Windows 11 features major changes to the Windows shell influenced by the canceled Windows 10X, including a redesigned Start menu, the replacement of its "live tiles" with a separate "Widgets" panel on the taskbar, the ability to create tiled sets of windows that can be minimized and restored from the taskbar as a group, and new gaming technologies inherited from Xbox Series X and Series S such as Auto HDR and DirectStorage on compatible hardware. Internet Explorer (IE) has been replaced by the Chromium-based Microsoft Edge as the default web browser, like its predecessor, Windows 10, and Microsoft Teams is integrated into the Windows shell. Microsoft also announced plans to allow more flexibility in software that can be distributed via the Microsoft Store and to support Android apps on Windows 11 (including a partnership with Amazon to make its app store available for the function).

Citing security considerations, the system requirements for Windows 11 were increased over Windows 10. Microsoft only officially supports the operating system on devices using an eighth-generation Intel Core CPU or newer (with some minor exceptions), a second-generation AMD Ryzen CPU or newer, or a Qualcomm Snapdragon 850 ARM system-on-chip or newer, with UEFI and Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 2.0 supported and enabled (although Microsoft may provide exceptions to the TPM 2.0 requirement for OEMs). While the OS can be installed on unsupported processors, Microsoft does not guarantee the availability of updates. Windows 11 removed support for 32-bit x86 and 32-bit ARM CPUs and devices that use BIOS firmware.

Windows 11 has received a mostly positive reception. Pre-release coverage of the operating system focused on its stricter hardware requirements, with discussions over whether they were legitimately intended to improve the security of Windows or as a ploy to upsell customers to newer devices and over the e-waste associated with the changes. Upon release, it was praised for its improved visual design, window management, and stronger focus on security, but was criticized for various modifications to aspects of its user interface that were seen as worse than its predecessor; some were seen as an attempt to dissuade users from switching to competing applications.[18]

As of July 2023, Windows 11, at 24% worldwide[19][20] is the second most popular Windows version in use, with its predecessor Windows 10 at three times the market share. Windows 11 has an estimated 16% share of all PCs (the rest being other Windows editions and other operating systems such as macOS and Linux), and an estimated 7% share of all devices (including mobile, tablet and console)[21] are running Windows 11.

  1. ^ Warren, Tom (June 15, 2021). "Windows 11 leak reveals new UI, Start menu, and more". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 18, 2021. Retrieved September 12, 2021.
  2. ^ Poloboc, Alexandru. "Rust is now up and running in Windows 11 kernel". Windows Report. Retrieved July 5, 2023.
  3. ^ Claburn, Thomas (April 27, 2023). "Microsoft is busy rewriting core Windows code in memory-safe Rust". The Register. Retrieved July 5, 2023.
  4. ^ Tung, Liam. "Programming language tools: Windows gets versatile new open-source terminal". ZDNet. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  5. ^ "Microsoft is open-sourcing Windows Calculator on GitHub". ZDNet. Archived from the original on July 3, 2019. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  6. ^ "GitHub – microsoft/Windows-Driver-Frameworks". GitHub. Archived from the original on January 14, 2017. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  7. ^ "windows forms". Microsoft. Archived from the original on September 13, 2020. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  8. ^ Panay, Panos (October 4, 2021). "Windows 11: A new era for the PC begins today". Windows Experience Blog. Archived from the original on October 4, 2021. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
  9. ^ "September 26, 2023—KB5030310 (OS Build 22621.2361) Preview". Microsoft Support. Microsoft.
  10. ^ "Releasing Windows 11, version 23H2 to the Release Preview Channel". Windows Insider Blog. September 26, 2023.
  11. ^ "September 26, 2023—KB5030310 (OS Build 22621.2361) Preview". Microsoft Support. Microsoft.
  12. ^ "Announcing Windows 11 Insider Preview Build 22621.2338 and 22631.2338 (Beta Channel)". Windows Insider Blog. September 12, 2023.
  13. ^ "Announcing Windows 11 Insider Preview Build 23555 (Dev Channel)". Windows Insider Blog. September 28, 2023.
  14. ^ "Announcing Windows 11 Insider Preview Build 25951 (Canary Channel)". Windows Insider Blog. September 13, 2023.
  15. ^ "Local Experience Packs – Microsoft Store". Microsoft. Archived from the original on July 21, 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
  16. ^ "Microsoft Volume Licensing Center". Microsoft. Archived from the original on November 18, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
  17. ^ "Windows 11 Minimum Hardware Requirements" (PDF). Microsoft. June 2021. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  18. ^ Warren, Tom (August 18, 2021). "Microsoft is making it harder to switch default browsers in Windows 11". The Verge. Retrieved January 10, 2023.
  19. ^ "Desktop Windows Version Market Share Worldwide". StatCounter Global Stats. Retrieved July 20, 2023.
  20. ^ "Statcounter: only 15% of Windows users upgraded to Windows 11". Neowin LLC. Retrieved November 3, 2022.
  21. ^ "Operating System Market Share Worldwide". StatCounter Global Stats. Retrieved August 2, 2023.

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