Yale University

Yale University
Yale University Shield 1.svg
Latin: Universitas Yalensis
Former names
Collegiate School (1701–1718)
Yale College (1718–1887)
MottoLux et veritas (Latin)
אורים ותומים (Hebrew)
Motto in English
Light and truth
TypePrivate research university
EstablishedOctober 9, 1701 (1701-10-09)
AccreditationNECHE
Academic affiliations
Endowment$42.3 billion (2021)[1]
PresidentPeter Salovey[2]
ProvostScott Strobel[3]
Academic staff
4,869 (Fall 2019)[4]
Students12,060 (Fall 2020)[5]
Undergraduates4,703 (Fall 2020)[5]
Postgraduates7,357 (Fall 2020)[5]
Location, ,
United States

41°18′59″N 72°55′20″W / 41.31639°N 72.92222°W / 41.31639; -72.92222Coordinates: 41°18′59″N 72°55′20″W / 41.31639°N 72.92222°W / 41.31639; -72.92222
CampusMidsize City, 1,015 acres (411 ha)
NewspaperThe Yale Daily News
Colors  Yale Blue[6]
NicknameBulldogs
Sporting affiliations
MascotHandsome Dan
Websiteyale.edu Edit this at Wikidata
Yale University logo.svg
Official seal used by the college and the university

Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut. Founded in 1701 as the Collegiate School, it is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and among the most prestigious in the world.[7][8]

Chartered by the Connecticut Colony, the Collegiate School was established in 1701 by clergy to educate Congregational ministers before moving to New Haven in 1716. Originally restricted to theology and sacred languages, the curriculum began to incorporate humanities and sciences by the time of the American Revolution.[citation needed] In the 19th century, the college expanded into graduate and professional instruction, awarding the first PhD in the United States in 1861 and organizing as a university in 1887. Yale's faculty and student populations grew after 1890 with rapid expansion of the physical campus and scientific research.[citation needed]

Yale is organized into fourteen constituent schools: the original undergraduate college, the Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and twelve professional schools. While the university is governed by the Yale Corporation, each school's faculty oversees its curriculum and degree programs. In addition to a central campus in downtown New Haven, the university owns athletic facilities in western New Haven, a campus in West Haven, and forests and nature preserves throughout New England. As of 2021, the university's endowment was valued at $42.3 billion, the second largest of any educational institution.[1] The Yale University Library, serving all constituent schools, holds more than 15 million volumes and is the third-largest academic library in the United States.[9][10] Students compete in intercollegiate sports as the Yale Bulldogs in the NCAA Division IIvy League.

As of October 2020, 65 Nobel laureates, five Fields Medalists, four Abel Prize laureates, and three Turing Award winners have been affiliated with Yale University. In addition, Yale has graduated many notable alumni, including five U.S. presidents, 10 Founding Fathers, 19 U.S. Supreme Court Justices, 31 living billionaires,[11] 54 College founders and presidents, many heads of state, cabinet members and governors. Hundreds of members of Congress and many U.S. diplomats, 78 MacArthur Fellows, 252 Rhodes Scholars, 123 Marshall Scholars, 102 Guggenheim Fellows and nine Mitchell Scholars have been affiliated with the university. Yale is a member of the Big Three. Yale's current faculty include 67 members of the National Academy of Sciences,[12] 55 members of the National Academy of Medicine,[13] 8 members of the National Academy of Engineering,[14] and 187 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.[15] The college is, after normalization for institution size, the tenth-largest baccalaureate source of doctoral degree recipients in the United States, and the largest such source within the Ivy League.[16] It also is a top 10 (ranked seventh), after normalization for the number of graduates, baccalaureate source of some of the most notable scientists (Nobel, Fields, Turing prizes, or membership in National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Medicine, or National Academy of Engineering).[17]

  1. ^ a b Shao, Zhemin (October 14, 2021). "Yale's endowment reaches $42.3 billion, posting highest rate of return since 2000". Yale Daily News. Retrieved October 14, 2021.
  2. ^ Shelton, Jim (July 1, 2013). "Peter Salovey takes the helm as Yale's 23rd president". New Haven Register. Archived from the original on February 7, 2019. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
  3. ^ "Scott Strobel named Yale provost". YaleNews. Yale University. November 6, 2019. Archived from the original on February 24, 2021. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  4. ^ "Yale Facts". yale.edu. Yale University. August 3, 2015. Archived from the original on March 2, 2021. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  5. ^ a b c Acevedo, Gabriel (2021). "2020-2021 Common Data Set" (PDF). Retrieved March 4, 2021.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Web". yaleidentity.yale.edu. Yale University. Archived from the original on April 20, 2017. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
  7. ^ "The History of Elihu". doyouelihu.yale.edu. Yale University. Archived from the original on July 4, 2020. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  8. ^ "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). August 25, 2020. Retrieved December 31, 2021.
  9. ^ Gibbons, Susan (2013). Yale University Library Annual Report 2012–2013 (Report). Yale University Library. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  10. ^ "ALA Library Fact Sheet 22 – The Nation's Largest Libraries: A Listing by Volumes Held". www.ala.org. American Library Association. July 2010. Archived from the original on June 19, 2010. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
  11. ^ Elkins, Kathleen (May 18, 2018). "More billionaires went to Harvard than to Stanford, MIT and Yale combined". CNBC.com. CNBC. Archived from the original on May 22, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  12. ^ Cite error: The named reference :6 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  13. ^ "Directory Search Form". National Academy of Medicine. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
  14. ^ Cite error: The named reference :7 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  15. ^ "Member Directory". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
  16. ^ Cite error: The named reference :9 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  17. ^ Wai, Steve Hsu, Jonathan (September 10, 2015). "These 25 schools are responsible for the greatest advances in science". Quartz. Retrieved November 15, 2021.

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