Municipality of Fortaleza
Município de Fortaleza
From top to bottom and from left to right: aerial view of Meireles Beach; Dragão do Mar Center of Art and Culture; Theatre José de Alencar; British Bridge; St. Joseph's Cathedral; aerial view of Castelão Stadium; and the statue "Iracema, the Guardian".
Flag of Fortaleza
Coat of arms of Fortaleza
Miami Brasileira (Brazilian Miami)
Terra da Luz (Land of Light)
"Fortitudine" (Latin)
Location of Fortaleza
Fortaleza is located in Brazil
Location in Brazil
Fortaleza is located in South America
Fortaleza (South America)
Coordinates: 03°43′39″S 38°31′39″W / 3.72750°S 38.52750°W / -3.72750; -38.52750Coordinates: 03°43′39″S 38°31′39″W / 3.72750°S 38.52750°W / -3.72750; -38.52750
Country Brazil
State Ceará
FoundedApril 13, 1726
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorJosé Sarto (PDT)
 • Deputy mayorÉlcio Batista (PSB)
 • Municipality312.353 km2 (120.600 sq mi)
 • Metro
7,440.053 km2 (2,872.621 sq mi)
16 m (52 ft)
 (2021 [1])
 • Municipality2,703,391
 • Rank5th
 • Density8,654.92/km2 (22,416.1/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density560.21/km2 (1,450.9/sq mi)
DemonymPortuguese: Fortalezense
Time zoneUTC−3 (BST)
Postal code
60000-001 to 61599-999
Area code+55 85
HDI (2010)0.754 – high[2]

Fortaleza ([foht̪äˈlezɐ], locally [fɔɦtaˈlezɐ], Portuguese for Fortress) is the state capital of Ceará, located in Northeastern Brazil. It is Brazil's 5th largest city, with a population of slightly over 2.7 million, and the 12th largest city by gross domestic product. It forms the core of the Fortaleza metropolitan area, which is home to over 4.1 million people.

Fortaleza is an important industrial and commercial center of Northeast Brazil. According to the Ministry of Tourism, it is the fourth most visited city and tourist destination in the country. The BR-116, the most important highway of the country, starts in Fortaleza. The municipality is part of the Mercosur common market, and vital trade port which is closest to mainland Europe, being 5,608 kilometres (3,485 mi) from Lisbon, Portugal.[3][4]

To the north of the city lies the Atlantic Ocean; to the south are the municipalities of Pacatuba, Eusébio, Maracanaú and Itaitinga; to the east is the municipality of Aquiraz and the Atlantic Ocean; and to the west is the municipality of Caucaia. Residents of the city are known as Fortalezenses. Fortaleza, along with Recife and Salvador, is a considered one of the primate cities of Northeast Region.[4][5]

  1. ^ "IBGE 2021".
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 8, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Fortaleza é a quinta capital mais populosa e lidera a sétima maior região metropolitana - Ceará - O POVO Online". Archived from the original on December 6, 2016. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
  4. ^ a b Garmany, Jeff (2011). "Situating Fortaleza: Urban space and uneven development in northeastern Brazil". Cities. Elsevier. 28 (1): 45–52. doi:10.1016/j.cities.2010.08.004.
  5. ^ Istrate, Emilia; Nadeau, Carey Anne (November 30, 2012). "Global Metro Monitor: Slowdown, Recovery, and Interdependence 2012" (PDF). Brookings Institution. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 27, 2017. Retrieved October 31, 2019.

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