Seema Malaka - Buddha statues.jpg
Independence Commemoration Hall.jpg
Slave Island Murugan Temple.jpg
The auditorium entrance 2.JPG
Sunset from Kingsbury Hotel, Colombo.jpg
From top left to right: The Old Parliament Building, Bank of Ceylon building and WTC twin towers in the Colombo financial district of Fort, Buddha statues at Seema Malaka, Independence Memorial Hall, The Murugan Hindu temple in Slave Island, the Grand Oriental Hotel in Fort, Nelum Pokuna, Skyline over Galle Face Green (middle), with Shangri-La Hotel and One Galle Face (left), and Indian Ocean (right)
Flag of Colombo
Colombo is located in Colombo District
Colombo is located in Sri Lanka
Colombo is located in Asia
Coordinates: 6°56′04″N 79°50′34″E / 6.93444°N 79.84278°E / 6.93444; 79.84278Coordinates: 6°56′04″N 79°50′34″E / 6.93444°N 79.84278°E / 6.93444; 79.84278
CountrySri Lanka
ProvinceWestern Province
DistrictColombo District
 • Municipal CouncilColombo Municipal Council
 • HeadquartersTown Hall
 • MayorRosy Senanayake (UNP)
 • Commercial Capital37.31 km2 (14.41 sq mi)
 • Land699 km2 (270 sq mi)
 • Metro
3,684 km2 (1,422 sq mi)
1 m (3 ft)
 • Commercial Capital752,993
 • Density20,182/km2 (52,270/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (SLST)
Postal code
Area code(s)011

Colombo (Sinhala: කොළඹ, romanized: Koḷam̆ba, IPA: [ˈkoləᵐbə]; Tamil: கொழும்பு, romanized: Koḻumpu, IPA: [koɻumbɯ]) is the commercial capital[2] and largest city of Sri Lanka by population. According to the Brookings Institution, Colombo metropolitan area has a population of 5.6 million,[3][4][5][6] and 752,993[1] in the Municipality. It is the financial centre of the island and a tourist destination.[7] It is located on the west coast of the island and adjacent to the Greater Colombo area which includes Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, the legislative capital of Sri Lanka, and Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia. Colombo is often referred to as the capital since Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is itself within the urban/suburban area of Colombo. It is also the administrative capital of the Western Province and the district capital of Colombo District. Colombo is a busy and vibrant city with a mixture of modern life, colonial buildings and monuments.[8]

Due to its large harbour and its strategic position along the East–West sea trade routes, Colombo was known to ancient traders 2,000 years ago.[citation needed] It was made the capital of the island when Sri Lanka was ceded to the British Empire in 1815,[9] and its status as capital was retained when the nation became independent in 1948. In 1978, when administrative functions were moved to Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, Colombo was designated as the commercial capital of Sri Lanka.

Like many cities, Colombo's urban area extends well beyond the boundaries of a single local authority,[citation needed] encompassing other municipal and urban councils such as Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Municipal Council, Dehiwala Mount Lavinia Municipal Council, Kolonnawa Urban Council, Kaduwela Municipal Council, and Kotikawatte Mulleriyawa Pradeshiya Sabha.[citation needed] The main city is home to a majority of Sri Lanka's corporate offices, restaurants, and entertainment venues.[10] Famous landmarks in Colombo include Galle Face Green, Viharamahadevi Park, Beira Lake, Colombo Racecourse, Planetarium, University of Colombo, Mount Lavinia beach, Dehiwala Zoological Garden, Nelum Pokuna Theatre, One Galle Face, Gangaramaya Temple, Dutch Museum, Colombo Lotus Tower as well as the National Museum.

  1. ^ a b "A6 : Population by ethnicity and district according to Divisional Secretary's Division, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 1 November 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2014.
  2. ^ "History of Parliament of Sri Lanka, "Colombo is the Commercial Capital now"". Official Sri Lanka government website. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  3. ^ Kumarage A, Amal (1 November 2007). "Impacts of Transportation Infrastructure and Services on Urban Poverty and Land Development in Colombo, Sri Lanka" (PDF). Global Urban Development Volume 3 Issue 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  4. ^ "The 10 Traits of Globally Fluent Metro Areas" (PDF). 2013. Brookings Institution. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Colombo: The Heartbeat of Sri Lanka/ Metro Colombo Urban Development Project". The World Bank. 21 March 2013. Archived from the original on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  6. ^ "Turning Sri Lanka's Urban Vision into Policy and Action" (PDF). UN Habitat. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016.
  7. ^ "Colombo, The Famous Business Hub of Sri Lanka – Stories & Advice". Archived from the original on 20 December 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  8. ^ Jayewarden. "How Colombo Derived its Name". Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 18 January 2007.
  9. ^ "History of Colombo". Archived from the original on 2 December 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2007.
  10. ^ Cite error: The named reference we1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

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