The classical Kufic[1] script of the Blue Quran.[2]

The Kufic script (Arabic: الْخط الْكوُفِي; Romanized: ‘Al-khat ‘al-Kūfī) is a style of Arabic script that gained prominence early on as a preferred script for Quran transcription and architectural decoration, and it has since become a reference and an archetype for a number of other Arabic scripts. It developed from the Arabic alphabet in the city of Kufa, from which its name is derived.[3] Kufic is characterized by angular, rectilinear letterforms and its horizontal orientation.[4] There are many different versions of Kufic, such as square Kufic, floriated Kufic, knotted Kufic, and others.[4] The artistic styling of Kufic led to its use in a non-Arabic context in Europe, as decoration on architecture, known as pseudo-Kufic.

  1. ^ Déroche, François. Catalogue des manuscrits arabes. Deuxième partie: manuscrits musulmans, Tome I, 1. Les manuscrits du Coran. Aux origines de la calligraphie coranique (Paris: Bibliothèque Nationale, 1983), pp. 41–45.
  2. ^ D'Ottone Rambach, Arianna (January 2017). "The Blue Koran. A Contribution to the Debate on its Possible Origin and Date". Journal of Islamic Manuscripts. 8 (2). Leiden: Brill Publishers: 127–143. doi:10.1163/1878464X-00801004. S2CID 192957200.
  3. ^ "Kūfic script | calligraphy | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2022-04-21.
  4. ^ a b "The Development and Spread of Calligraphic Scripts". Metmuseum.org. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.

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