American Samoa

American Samoa
Amerika Sāmoa
"Sāmoa, Muamua Le Atua" (Samoan) (English: "Samoa, Let God Be First")
Anthem: "Amerika Samoa"
Location of American Samoa
Location of American Samoa
(circled in red)
Sovereign state United States[a]
Partition of SamoaDecember 2, 1899
Ratification ActFebruary 20, 1929
CapitalPago Pago[b]
Government seatFagatogo[b]
Largest villageTāfuna
Official languages
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)American Samoan
GovernmentDevolved presidential constitutional dependency
• President
Joe Biden (D)
• Governor
Lemanu Peleti Mauga (D)
Salo Ale (D)
House of Representatives
United States Congress
Amata Coleman Radewagen (R)
• Total
77 sq mi (200 km2)
Highest elevation
970 m (3,170 ft)
• 2021 estimate
46,366[8] (210th)
• Density
670.8/sq mi (259.0/km2)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$658 million[8]
• Per capita
CurrencyUnited States dollar (US$) (USD)
Time zoneUTC−11:00 (SST)
Date formatmm/dd/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+1-684
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 code

American Samoa (Samoan: Amerika Sāmoa, pronounced [aˈmɛɾika ˈsaːmʊa]; also Amelika Sāmoa or Sāmoa Amelika) is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of the island country of Samoa.[8] Its location is centered on 14°18′S 170°42′W / 14.3°S 170.7°W / -14.3; -170.7. It is east of the International Date Line, while Samoa is west of the Line. The total land area is 199 square kilometers (76.8 sq mi), slightly more than Washington, D.C. American Samoa is the southernmost territory of the United States and one of two U.S. territories south of the Equator, along with the uninhabited Jarvis Island. Tuna products are the main exports, and the main trading partner is the rest of the United States.

American Samoa consists of five main islands and two coral atolls. The largest and most populous island is Tutuila, with the Manuʻa Islands, Rose Atoll and Swains Island also included in the territory. All islands except for Swains Island are part of the Samoan Islands, west of the Cook Islands, north of Tonga, and some 500 kilometres (310 mi) south of Tokelau. To the west are the islands of the Wallis and Futuna group. As of 2021, the population of American Samoa is approximately 46,366 people.[8][10] Most American Samoans are bilingual and can speak English and Samoan fluently.[8][11]

American Samoa has been a member of the Pacific Community since 1983. American Samoa is noted for having the highest rate of military enlistment of any U.S. state or territory. As of September 9, 2014, the local U.S. Army recruiting station in Pago Pago was ranked first in production out of the 885 Army recruiting stations and centers under the United States Army Recruiting Command.[12]

American Samoa is the only major territory of the United States in which citizenship is not granted at birth, and people born there are considered "non-citizen nationals".

Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page).

  1. ^ Revised Constitution of American Samoa Archived January 13, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, American Samoa Bar Association.
  2. ^ 3.0207 Divisions and sessions—Composition, Annotated Code of American Samoa, American Samoa Bar Association.
  3. ^ 3.0303 Sessions-Petit jury, Annotated Code of American Samoa, American Samoa Bar Association.
  4. ^ American Samoa Observatory, Trip to Tula, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  5. ^ American Samoa Representative and Liaison Offices, U.S. Department of the Interior.
  6. ^ Tutuila Island Map, Service.
  7. ^ "Districts of American Samoa". Statoids. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "American Samoa". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 13, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ Cite error: The named reference nbcnews was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  11. ^ Cite error: The named reference census detailed was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  12. ^ "Local US Army recruiting station ranked #1 in the world – Samoa News". Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 10, 2015.

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