Research university

Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, founded in 1876, is considered the first research university in the United States[1]
Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767–1835) is responsible for the Humboldtian model of higher education, which focuses on research on academia.
Nuclear research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, a research university, in Madison, Wisconsin, United States, May 2005
The University of Miami, a research university in Coral Gables, Florida, United States, had research expenditures of $358.9 million in 2019.[2]

A research university is a university that is committed to research as a central part of its mission.[3][4][5][6] They can be public or private, and often have well-known brand names.[7] Undergraduate courses at many research universities are often academic rather than vocational and may not prepare students for particular careers, but many employers value degrees from research universities because they teach fundamental life skills such as critical thinking.[8] Globally, research universities are predominantly public universities, with notable exceptions being the United States and Japan.[3]

Institutions of higher education that are not research universities (or do not aspire to that designation, such as liberal arts colleges) instead place more emphasis on student instruction or other aspects of tertiary education, and their faculty members are under less pressure to publish or perish.[9]

  1. ^ Schuessler, Jennifer (9 December 2020). "Johns Hopkins Reveals That Its Founder Owned Slaves". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  2. ^ University of Miami. "Fact Finder 2020–2021" (PDF). University of Miami. Retrieved 11 December 2021.
  3. ^ a b "The role of research universities in developing countries". University World News. 11 August 2013.
  4. ^ Philip G. Altbach, Jamil Salmi, ed. (2011). The Road to Academic Excellence: The Making of World-Class Research Universities. World Bank. p. 135.
  5. ^ Steven Sample (2 December 2002). "The Research University of the 21st Century: What Will it Look Like?". University of Southern California. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  6. ^ John Taylor (21 June 2006). "Managing the Unmanageable: The Management of Research in Research-Intensive Universities". Higher Education Management and Policy. OECD. 18 (2): 3–4.
  7. ^ O'Shaughnessy, Lynn (2012). The College Solution: A Guide for Everyone Looking for the Right School at the Right Price. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education. p. 125. ISBN 9780132944694. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  8. ^ Andreatta, Britt (2011). Navigating the Research University: A Guide for First-Year Students (3rd ed.). Boston: Wadsworth. p. 136. ISBN 9780495913788.
  9. ^ Irons, Jessica G.; Buskist, William (2009). "Chapter 9: Preparing for a Career at a Teaching Institution". In Davis, Stephen F.; Giordano, Peter J.; Licht, Carolyn A. (eds.). Your Career in Psychology: Putting Your Graduate Degree to Work. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 117–132. ISBN 9781405179423. Retrieved 6 August 2020. This source refers to research universities as R1, a common shorthand for the highest level of American research universities recognized by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.

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