Rio de Janeiro (state)

Rio de Janeiro
Estado do Rio de Janeiro
State of Rio de Janeiro
Flag of Rio de Janeiro
Coat of arms of Rio de Janeiro
Nickname: 
Beautiful state
Motto(s): 
Recte Rem Publicam Gerere (Latin)
"Conduct the affairs of the public with righteousness"
Anthem: Hino 15 de Novembro
Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.svg
Coordinates (Brazil): 22°54′S 43°12′W / 22.900°S 43.200°W / -22.900; -43.200Coordinates: 22°54′S 43°12′W / 22.900°S 43.200°W / -22.900; -43.200
Country Brazil
FoundedDecember 8, 1897
CapitalBrasão da cidade do Rio de Janeiro.svg Rio de Janeiro
Government
 • GovernorCláudio Castro (PL)
 • Vice GovernorVacant
 • SenatorsCarlos Portinho (PL)
Flávio Bolsonaro (PL)
Romário Faria (PL)
Area
 • Total43,696.1 km2 (16,871.2 sq mi)
 • Rank24th
Population
 (2010)[1]
 • Total15,989,929
 • Estimate 
(2021)
17,463,349
 • Rank3rd
 • Density370/km2 (950/sq mi)
  • Rank2nd
DemonymFluminense
GDP
 • Year2017 estimate
 • TotalUS$308 billions (PPP) US$195 billions (nominal) [2] (2nd)
 • Per capitaUS$18.432 (PPP) US$11.687 (nominal) [2] (3rd)
HDI
 • Year2017
 • Category0.796[3]high (4th)
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)
Postal Code
20000-000 to 28990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-RJ
License Plate Letter SequenceKMF to LVE, RIO, RIP to RKV, RSG to RST
Websiterj.gov.br

Rio de Janeiro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁi.u d(ʒi) ʒɐˈne(j)ɾu] (listen))[a] is one of the 27 federative units of Brazil. It has the second largest economy of Brazil, with the largest being that of the state of São Paulo.[4] The state, which has 8.2% of the Brazilian population, is responsible for 9.2% of the Brazilian GDP.[5][6][7][8]

The state of Rio de Janeiro is located within the Brazilian geopolitical region classified as the Southeast (assigned by IBGE). Rio de Janeiro shares borders with all the other states in the same Southeast macroregion: Minas Gerais (N and NW), Espírito Santo (NE) and São Paulo (SW). It is bounded on the east and south by the South Atlantic Ocean. Rio de Janeiro has an area of 43,653 km2 (16,855 sq mi). Its capital is the city of Rio de Janeiro, which was the capital of the Portuguese Colony of Brazil from 1763 to 1815, of the following United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves from 1815 to 1822, and of later independent Brazil as a kingdom and republic from 1822 to 1960.

The state's 22 largest cities are Rio de Janeiro, São Gonçalo, Duque de Caxias, Nova Iguaçu, Niterói, Campos dos Goytacazes, Belford Roxo, São João de Meriti, Petrópolis, Volta Redonda, Magé, Macaé, Itaboraí, Cabo Frio, Armação dos Búzios, Angra dos Reis, Nova Friburgo, Barra Mansa, Barra do Piraí, Teresópolis, Mesquita and Nilópolis.

Rio de Janeiro is the smallest state by area in the Southeast macroregion and one of the smallest in Brazil. It is, however, the third most populous Brazilian state, with a population of 16 million of people in 2011 (making it the most densely populated state in Brazil) and has the third longest coastline in the country (after those of the states of Bahia and Maranhão).

In the Brazilian flag, the state is represented by Mimosa, the beta star in the Southern Cross (β Cru).

  1. ^ "IBGE | Biblioteca | Detalhes | Sinopse do censo demográfico : 2010 / IBGE. -". biblioteca.ibge.gov.br. Retrieved 2022-04-03.
  2. ^ a b "Produto Interno Bruto do Estado do Rio de Janeiro". Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017" (PDF) (in Portuguese). PNUD Brasil. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Veja o PIB dos Estados brasileiros". www.faemg.org.br. Archived from the original on 2014-10-20.
  5. ^ Descubra quais são os 15 Estados mais ricos do Brasil
  6. ^ ‘The Economist’ compara economia de Estados do Brasil com países
  7. ^ Dados dos estados e cidades do Brasil
  8. ^ População dos estados do Brasil


Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page).


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia · View on Wikipedia

Developed by Nelliwinne