Roraima

Roraima
Estado de Roraima
State of Roraima
Flag of Roraima
23
Motto(s): 
Amazônia: patrimônio dos brasileiros
(English: The Amazon: Brazilians' heritage)
Anthem: Hino de Roraima
Location of State of Roraima in Brazil
Location of State of Roraima in Brazil
Coordinates: 2°3′N 61°24′W / 2.050°N 61.400°W / 2.050; -61.400Coordinates: 2°3′N 61°24′W / 2.050°N 61.400°W / 2.050; -61.400
CountryBrazil
FoundedSeptember 13, 1943 (as a federal territory)
EstablishedOctober 5, 1988 (as a state)
Capital and largest cityBoa Vista
Government
 • GovernorAntonio Denarium (PP)
 • Vice GovernorFrutuoso Lins (MDB)
 • SenatorsChico Rodrigues (UNIÃO)
Mecias de Jesus (Republicanos)
Telmário Mota (PROS)
Area
 • Total223,644.527 km2 (86,349.635 sq mi)
 • Rank14th
Population
 (2010)
 • Total450,479
 • Estimate 
(2020)
631,181[1]
 • Rank27th
 • Density2.01/km2 (5.2/sq mi)
  • Rank27th
Demonym(s)Roraiman
Roraimense (pt)[1]
GDP
 • Year2018
 • TotalR$ 13.370 billion (27th)[2]
 • Per capitaR$ 23,188 (13th)
HDI
 • Year2017
 • Category0.752[3]high (11th)
Time zoneUTC−4 (AMT)
Postal Code
69300-000 to 69399-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-RR
Websiterr.gov.br

Roraima (Brazilian Portuguese: [ʁoˈɾajmɐ] (listen), or [ʁoˈɾɐ̃jmɐ])[4] is one of the 26 states of Brazil. Located in the country's North Region, it is the northernmost and most geographically and logistically isolated state in Brazil.[5] It is bordered by the state of Pará to the southeast, Amazonas to the south and west, Venezuela to the north and northwest, and Guyana to the east.[6]

The state covers an area of approximately 223,644.527 square kilometres (86,300 sq mi),[1] slightly larger than Belarus, being the fourteenth largest Brazilian state by area.[7] The city of Boa Vista is the capital and largest city in the state, it is also the only capital in the country located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere.[8] Antônio Denarium has been the governor of the state since 2019.[9]

Roraima is the least populous state in the country, with a population of 631,181 inhabitants, according to 2020 estimates by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).[1] It is also the state with the lowest population density in Brazil, with 2.01 inhabitants per square kilometre. Its economy, based mainly on the tertiary sector, registers a high growth rate, although its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the lowest in the country, with R$ 13.370 billion, representing only 0.15% of the Brazilian economy.[2]

The history of Roraima is strongly linked to the Branco River. It was through this river that the first Portuguese settlers arrived in the region. The Branco River Valley was always coveted by the English and the Dutch, who entered Brazil through the Guiana Shield in search of indigenous people to be enslaved. The Spaniards also came to invade the northern part of the Branco River and the Uraricoera River by the territory of Venezuela. The Portuguese settlers defeated and expelled all invaders, establishing Portugal's sovereignty over the region of Roraima and part of Amazonas.[10]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Roraima | Cities and States | IBGE". www.ibge.gov.br. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Sistema de Contas Regionais: Brasil 2018" (PDF). ibge.gov.br. IBGE. Retrieved 22 April 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017" (PDF) (in Portuguese). PNUD Brasil. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 July 2019. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  4. ^ "Qual o jeito correto de pronunciar Roraima?" (in Brazilian Portuguese). 31 July 2008. Retrieved 13 May 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Roraima - Características Físicas e Humanas". 7 July 2011. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Roraima". Só Geografia (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  7. ^ "Áreas Territoriais | IBGE". www.ibge.gov.br. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  8. ^ Br, Inaê; RR, ão e Jackson FélixDo G1 (5 October 2016). "Rorãima, Roráima? Veja curiosidades sobre estado que completa 28 anos". Roraima (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  9. ^ "Conselhos aprovam intervenção em Roraima, e Temer assina decreto na 2ª feira, diz Etchgoyen". G1 (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  10. ^ "History of Roraima". Roraima virtual. Retrieved 14 February 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

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