History of the Republic of Singapore

The history of the Republic of Singapore began when Singapore was expelled from Malaysia and became an independent republic on 9 August 1965.[1] After the separation, the fledgling nation had to become self-sufficient, and faced problems including mass unemployment, housing shortages and lack of land and natural resources such as petroleum. During Lee Kuan Yew's term as prime minister from 1959 to 1990, his administration curbed unemployment, raised the standard of living and implemented a large-scale public housing programme. The country's economic infrastructure was developed, racial tension was eliminated and an independent national defence system was created. Singapore evolved from a dying nation to developed country status towards the end of the 20th century.[2]

In 1990, Goh Chok Tong succeeded Lee as Prime Minister. During his tenure, the country tackled the economic impacts of the 1997 Asian financial crisis and the 2003 SARS outbreak, as well as terrorist threats posed by the Jemaah Islamiah (JI) post–11 September and the Bali bombings. In 2004 Lee Hsien Loong, the eldest son of Lee Kuan Yew, became the third prime minister.[3]

  1. ^ "Road to Independence". U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved 14 April 2006.
  2. ^ "Country Groups". The World Bank. Retrieved 2 May 2006.
  3. ^ "Country profile: Singapore". BBC News. 15 July 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2006.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia · View on Wikipedia

Developed by Nelliwinne