Federation of Malaya

Federation of Malaya
Persekutuan Tanah Melayu  (Malay)
ڤرسكوتوان تانه ملايو (Jawi)
1948–1963
Anthem: God Save the King / Queen (until 1957)
Negaraku (from 1957)
Location of Malaya
StatusBritish protectorate (1948–1957)
Independent monarchy as member state of the Commonwealth of Nations (1957–1963)
Capital
and largest city
Kuala Lumpur
3°8′N 101°41′E / 3.133°N 101.683°E / 3.133; 101.683
Common languagesMalay (official), English
GovernmentFederation as British protectorate (1948–1957)
Federal parliamentary elective constitutional monarchy (1957–1963)
British monarch (1948–1957)
Yang di-Pertuan Agong (1957–1963)
 
• 1948–1952
George VI
• 1952–1957
Elizabeth II
• 1957–1960
Abdul Rahman
• 1960
Hisamuddin
• 1960–1963
Putra
High Commissioner 
• 1948
Edward Gent
• 1948–1951
Henry Gurney
• 1952–1954
Gerald Templer
• 1954–1957
Donald MacGillivray
Head of government 
• 1955–1957 (as chief minister)
1957–1963 (as prime minister)
Tunku Abdul Rahman
LegislatureLegislative council
History 
• Established
1 February 1948[1]
31 August 1957
16 September 1963
CurrencyMalayan dollar (1948–1953)
Malaya and British Borneo dollar (1953–1967)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Malayan Union
Crown Colony of Malacca
Crown Colony of Penang
Malaysia
Today part ofMalaysia

The Federation of Malaya (Malay: Persekutuan Tanah Melayu; Jawi: ڤرسكوتوان تانه ملايو) was a federation of what previously had been British Malaya comprising eleven states (nine Malay states and two of the British Straits Settlements, Penang and Malacca)[2] that existed from 1 February 1948 until 16 September 1963. The Federation became independent on 31 August 1957,[3] and in 1963, Malaysia was formed when the federation united with the Singapore, North Borneo, and Sarawak Crown Colonies.[4]

  1. ^ "Federation of Malaya is inaugurated - Singapore History". eresources.nlb.gov.sg. Archived from the original on 8 October 2015. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  2. ^ See: Cabinet Memorandum by the Secretary of State for the Colonies. 21 February 1956 Federation of Malaya Agreement
  3. ^ The UK Statute Law Database: Federation of Malaya Independence Act 1957 (c. 60)[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "No.10760: Agreement relating to Malaysia" (PDF). United Nations Treaty Collection. United Nations. July 1963. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 29 July 2010.

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