United States passport

United States passport
United States Passport.svg
The front cover of a contemporary next generation United States biometric passport (with chip EPassport logo.svg)
United States Next Generation Passport signature and biodata page.jpg
The polycarbonate data page of a contemporary next generation United States biometric passport EPassport logo.svg
Issued by Department of State
First issued1775 (first version)
1926 (booklet)
1981 (machine-readable passport)
December 30, 2005 (diplomatic biometric passport booklet)
2006 (regular biometric passport booklet)[1]
2021 (next generation passport booklet)[2]
Valid inAll countries except North Korea[3]
EligibilityUnited States nationality
ExpirationNormally 10 years after acquisition for people at least age 16; 5 years for minors under 16[4]
CostBooklet: $165 (first), $130 (renewal), $135 (minors)
Card: $65 (first), $30 (when applying for or holder of a valid passport booklet), $30 (renewal), $50 (minor), $15 (minor, when applying for passport booklet)[5]
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United States passports are passports issued to citizens and nationals of the United States of America.[6] They are issued exclusively by the United States Department of State.[7] Besides passports (in booklet form), limited use passport cards are issued by the same government agency subject to the same requirements.[8] It is unlawful for U.S. citizens and nationals to enter or exit the United States without a valid U.S. passport or Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative-compliant passport-replacement document,[9][10] though there are many exceptions,[11] waivers are generally granted for U.S. citizens returning without a passport, and the exit requirement is not enforced.

U.S. passport booklets conform with recommended standards (i.e., size, composition, layout, technology) of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).[12] There are five types of passport booklets; as well, the Department of State has issued only biometric passports as standard since August 2007.[13] United States passports are property of the United States and must be returned to the U.S. government upon demand.[14]

By law, a valid unexpired U.S. passport (or passport card) is conclusive (and not just prima facie) proof of U.S. citizenship, and has the same force and effect as proof of United States citizenship as certificates of naturalization or of citizenship, if issued to a U.S. citizen for the full period allowed by law.[15] U.S. law does not prohibit U.S. citizens from holding passports of other countries, though they are required to use their U.S. passport to enter and leave the United States.[16]

  1. ^ "Department of State Begins Issuance of an Electronic Passport". U.S. Department of State, Office of the Spokesman. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved June 10, 2014.
  2. ^ "Next Generation Passport". travel.state.gov. Retrieved July 22, 2021.
  3. ^ "Passport for Travel to North Korea". travel.state.gov.
  4. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". U.S. Passports & International Travel. United States Department of State. Retrieved May 22, 2016.
  5. ^ "United States passport fees". United States Department of State.
  6. ^ 22 U.S.C. sec. 212; Passports.
  7. ^ 22 U.S.C. sec. 211a; Passports
  8. ^ "Passport Card" Archived January 17, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. U.S. Department of State.
  9. ^ Cite error: The named reference revocations was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  10. ^ § 215 of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (currently codified at 8 U.S.C. § 1185)
  11. ^ "Title 22: Foreign Relations" (PDF). Code of Federal Regulations. Federal Register National Archives and Records Administration. 2019. part 53.
  12. ^ International Civil Aviation Organization, Doc 9303, Machine Readable Travel Documents, Part 1: Machine Readable Passport, Volume 1, Passports with Machine Readable Data Stored in Optical Character Recognition Format, Part 1, Machine Readable Passport (6th ed. 2006), Volume 2: Specifications for Electronically Enabled Passports with Biometric Identification Capabilities (6th ed. 2006).
  13. ^ "The U.S. Electronic Passport" Archived September 6, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State.
  14. ^ "22 CFR 51.7 – Passport property of the U.S. Government". Cornell, NY: Legal Information Institute. April 1, 2014. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  15. ^ 22 U.S.C. § 2705
  16. ^ "Dual Nationality". travel.state.gov.

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