Portuguese language

Portuguese
português
Pronunciation[puɾtuˈɣeʃ], [poɾtuˈɡes], [poʁtuˈɡes], [poɹtuˈɡes], [pohtuˈgejʃ], [pɔhtuˈgejs]
EthnicityLusophones
Native speakers
Native: 250 million;[1]
24 million L2 speakers;[1] Total: 274 million
Early forms
Manually coded Portuguese
Official status
Official language in
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated by
Language codes
ISO 639-1pt
ISO 639-2por
ISO 639-3por
Glottologport1283
Linguasphere51-AAA-a
Map of the portuguese language in the world.svg
  Native language
  Official and administrative language
  Cultural or secondary language
  Portuguese-speaking minorities
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Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a western Romance language of the Indo-European language family, originating in the Iberian Peninsula of Europe. It is an official language of Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe,[6] while having co-official language status in East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, and Macau. A Portuguese-speaking person or nation is referred to as "Lusophone" (lusófono). As the result of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese speakers is also found around the world. Portuguese is part of the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia and the County of Portugal, and has kept some Celtic phonology in its lexicon.[7][8]

With approximately 250 million native speakers and 24 million L2 (second language) speakers, Portuguese has approximately 274 million total speakers. It is usually listed as the sixth-most spoken language, the third-most spoken European language in the world in terms of native speakers[9] and the second most spoken Romance language in the world, surpassed only by Spanish. Being the most widely spoken language in South America[10][11] and all of the Southern Hemisphere,[12] it is also the second-most spoken language, after Spanish, in Latin America, one of the 10 most spoken languages in Africa,[13] and an official language of the European Union, Mercosur, the Organization of American States, the Economic Community of West African States, the African Union, and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, an international organization made up of all of the world's officially Lusophone nations. In 1997, a comprehensive academic study ranked Portuguese as one of the 10 most influential languages in the world.[14][15]

  1. ^ a b Portuguese at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  2. ^ "Continúan los actos del Día de la Lengua Portuguesa y la Cultura Lusófona" [Acts continue to mark Portuguese Language and Portuguese Culture Day]. Government of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea. 10 May 2016.
  3. ^ Gutiérrez Bottaro, Silvia Etel (2014), "El portugués uruguayo y las marcas de la oralidad en la poesía del escritor uruguayo Agustín R. Bisio" [Uruguayan Portuguese and oral marks in the poetry of Uruguayan writer Agustín R. Bisio] (PDF), abehache (in Spanish), vol. 4, no. 6, archived from the original (PDF) on 12 August 2019, retrieved 18 March 2018
  4. ^ "Historia lingüística del Uruguay". www.historiadelaslenguasenuruguay.edu.uy. Archived from the original on 5 April 2019. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  5. ^ Fernández Aguerre, Tabaré; González Bruzzese, Mahira; Rodriguez Ingold, Cecilia (2017), Algunas notas teórico metodológicas sobre la relación entre regiones y aprendizajes en Uruguay [Some theoretical methodological notes on the relationship between regions and learning in Uruguay] (in Spanish), pp. 11–15, hdl:20.500.12008/10776
  6. ^ "Estados-membros" [Member States]. Community of Portuguese Language Countries (in Portuguese). 7 February 2017.
  7. ^ "The Origin and Formation of The Portuguese Language". Judeo-Lusitanica. Duke University. Archived from the original on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  8. ^ Bittencourt de Oliveira, João. "Breves considerações sobre o legado das línguas célticas". filologia.org.br.
  9. ^ "CIA World Factbook". Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  10. ^ Admin, e2f. "What are the 5 official languages of South America?". e2f. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  11. ^ "Lesson Nine: How Many People Speak Portuguese, And Where Is It Spoken?". Babbel Magazine. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  12. ^ "Potencial Económico da Língua Portuguesa" (PDF). University of Coimbra.
  13. ^ "Top 11 Most Spoken Languages in Africa". 18 October 2017.
  14. ^ "The World's 10 most influential languages", George Werber, 1997, Language Today, retrieved on scribd.com "...includes besides many other languages, Bengali, English, French, German, Hindi/Urdu, Italian, Marathi, Panjabi, Persian, Brazilian (Portuguese), Russian, the Scandinavian languages, and Spanish." "Portuguese today means above all Brazilian."
  15. ^ Bernard Comrie, Encarta Encyclopedia (1998); George Weber, "Top Languages: The World's 10 Most Influential Languages", Language Today (Vol. 2, December 1997). Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2011-09-28.

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