African Union

African Union
Arabic: الاتحاد الأفريقي
French: Union africaine
Portuguese: União Africana
Spanish: Unión Africana
Swahili: Umoja wa Afrika
Motto: "A United and Strong Africa"
Anthem: "Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together"[1] (instrumental)
An orthographic projection of the world, highlighting the African Union and its member states (green).
  Member states
  Suspended states
Political centres
Largest urban agglomerations
Working languages
TypeContinental union
Membership55 member states
Macky Sall
Moussa Faki[2]
Roger Nkodo Dang
LegislaturePan-African Parliament
25 May 1963
3 June 1991
9 September 1999
• African Union founded
9 July 2002
9 July 2011
31 January 2017
1 January 2021
• Total
29,922,059[3] km2 (11,552,972 sq mi)
• 2020 estimate
Increase 1,321,000,000[note 1]
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $7.573 trillion[4][note 2]
• Per capita
Increase $5,733[4]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.587 trillion[4][note 3]
• Per capita
Increase $1,958[4]
HDI (2020)0.577

The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located on the continent of Africa. The AU was announced in the Sirte Declaration in Sirte, Libya, on 9 September 1999, calling for the establishment of the African Union. The bloc was founded on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and launched on 9 July 2002 in Durban, South Africa.[5] The intention of the AU was to replace the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa by 32 signatory governments; the OAU was disbanded on 9 July 2002. The most important decisions of the AU are made by the Assembly of the African Union, a semi-annual meeting of the heads of state and government of its member states.

The AU's secretariat, the African Union Commission, is based in Addis Ababa. The largest city in the AU is Lagos, Nigeria, while the largest urban agglomeration is Cairo, Egypt. The African Union has more than 1.3 billion people and an area of around 29 million km2 (11 million sq mi) and includes popular world landmarks, such as the Sahara and the Nile.[6] The primary working languages are Arabic, English, French, Portuguese, Spanish, and Swahili.[7] Within the African Union, there are official bodies, such as the Peace and Security Council and the Pan-African Parliament.

  1. ^ "African Union anthem, etc". Archived from the original on 15 September 2015. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
  2. ^ "African Union votes to readmit Morocco". BBC News. 19 September 2018. Archived from the original on 15 April 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  3. ^ Corresponds to the terrestrial surface. Including the Exclusive Economic Zones of each member state, the total area is 43 434 569 km2.
  4. ^ a b c d "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019". International Monetary Fund. Archived from the original on 14 July 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  5. ^ Thabo Mbeki (9 July 2002). "Launch of the African Union, 9 July 2002: Address by the chairperson of the AU, President Thabo Mbeki". ABSA Stadium, Durban, South Africa: Archived from the original on 3 May 2009. Retrieved 8 February 2009.
  6. ^ Manboah-Rockson, Joseph (23 September 2016). Politics & the Struggle for Democracy in Ghana: An Introduction to Political Science.
  7. ^ "AU Languages". African Union. Retrieved 2 May 2021.

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